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jmdict 1074430 Active (id: 2283647)

セカンド [gai1]
1. [adj-f]
▶ second
2. [n] {baseball}
▶ second base
▶ second baseman
3. [n]
▶ second (gear)
4. [n]
▶ second (time unit)
Cross references:
  ⇒ see: 2071430 セコンド 1. second (time unit)
5. [n] {sports}
▶ second (in boxing, etc.)
▶ assistant
Cross references:
  ⇒ see: 2071430 セコンド 2. assistant; helper; second; trainer



History:
2. A 2023-11-17 05:22:28  Jim Breen <...address hidden...>
1. A* 2023-11-16 23:55:08  Robin Scott <...address hidden...>
  Refs:
gg5, prog, daij, meikyo
  Comments:
Added senses.
  Diff:
@@ -9 +9 @@
-<pos>&n;</pos>
+<pos>&adj-f;</pos>
@@ -13,0 +14 @@
+<field>&baseb;</field>
@@ -14,0 +16,17 @@
+<gloss>second baseman</gloss>
+</sense>
+<sense>
+<pos>&n;</pos>
+<gloss>second (gear)</gloss>
+</sense>
+<sense>
+<pos>&n;</pos>
+<xref type="see" seq="2071430">セコンド・1</xref>
+<gloss>second (time unit)</gloss>
+</sense>
+<sense>
+<pos>&n;</pos>
+<xref type="see" seq="2071430">セコンド・2</xref>
+<field>&sports;</field>
+<gloss>second (in boxing, etc.)</gloss>
+<gloss>assistant</gloss>

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jmdict 1150720 Active (id: 2283542)
愛国者
あいこくしゃ
1. [n]
▶ patriot



History:
9. A 2023-11-16 03:04:54  Stephen Kraus <...address hidden...>
8. A* 2023-11-16 01:31:14 
  Comments:
for what it's worth, the japanese wikipedia page of 愛国心 distinguishes it from nationalism (and vice versa)
7. A 2023-11-16 01:17:17  Robin Scott <...address hidden...>
  Comments:
I agree with Stephen. I'm not convinced this entry is improved by adding "nationalist".
  Diff:
@@ -13,2 +12,0 @@
-<gloss>lover of one's country</gloss>
-<gloss>nationalist</gloss>
6. A* 2023-11-14 22:45:53  Stephen Kraus <...address hidden...>
  Comments:
My impression is that people would use a word like "愛国心" to distance themselves from the unsavory associations of words like "国家主義." I wouldn't be surprised if 右翼団体 groups also used the word to disingenuously distance themselves from their own views. "Patriotism" works that way in English too. The point is that both types of groups are using "愛国" specifically because they believe it will be interpreted differently or more favorably than "nationalism."

I guess it wouldn't hurt to have it as a secondary gloss, but I'm not sure it's really necessary either.
  Diff:
@@ -12,0 +13,2 @@
+<gloss>lover of one's country</gloss>
+<gloss>nationalist</gloss>
5. A* 2023-11-14 09:15:08 
  Refs:
I think that if you look up definitions of "patriot" and "nationalist" respectively in various dictionaries, it becomes cery hard to argue that 愛国者 can be translated as one and not the other. Collins for example has "Nationalist means connected with a person's great love for their nation. " However, "patriot" has more posiive connotations at last in AmE but I would argue that 愛国者 does not in Japanese, but sort of imply association with a right-wing ideology that many find unsavoury. 右翼団体 in Japan will describe themselves as 愛国主義 rather than 国家主義, but they are normally described as "nationalists" in English.
(show/hide 4 older log entries)

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jmdict 1199500 Active (id: 2283595)
回診
かいしん
1. [n,vs,vt,vi]
▶ doctor's rounds (in a hospital)

Conjugations


History:
6. A 2023-11-16 12:24:27  Robin Scott <...address hidden...>
  Comments:
The order of the transitivity tags should always be [vt,vi].
  Diff:
@@ -12,0 +13 @@
+<pos>&vt;</pos>
@@ -14,2 +15 @@
-<pos>&vt;</pos>
-<gloss>doctor's rounds (in hospital)</gloss>
+<gloss>doctor's rounds (in a hospital)</gloss>
5. A 2023-11-14 20:24:39  Jim Breen <...address hidden...>
  Refs:
GG5, etc.
  Comments:
I think the earlier gloss was clearer.
  Diff:
@@ -15 +15 @@
-<gloss>going around to examine patients (in hospital; of a doctor)</gloss>
+<gloss>doctor's rounds (in hospital)</gloss>
4. A* 2023-11-14 19:17:02 
  Refs:
sankoku, daijr, meikyo, smk
  Diff:
@@ -12,0 +13 @@
+<pos>&vi;</pos>
@@ -14,2 +15 @@
-<pos>&vi;</pos>
-<gloss>doctor's rounds (in hospital)</gloss>
+<gloss>going around to examine patients (in hospital; of a doctor)</gloss>
3. A 2021-11-18 00:32:23  Jim Breen <...address hidden...>
  Comments:
Meikyo vt and vi additions to n,vs entries
-*- via bulkupd.py -*-
  Diff:
@@ -12,0 +13,2 @@
+<pos>&vt;</pos>
+<pos>&vi;</pos>
2. A 2021-07-20 06:24:03  Jim Breen <...address hidden...>
  Comments:
No harm making it clear.
  Diff:
@@ -13 +13 @@
-<gloss>doctor's rounds</gloss>
+<gloss>doctor's rounds (in hospital)</gloss>
(show/hide 1 older log entries)

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jmdict 1254010 Active (id: 2283520)
欠伸 [ichi1]
あくび [ichi1] アクビ (nokanji)
1. [n,vs,vi] [uk]
▶ yawn
▶ yawning
2. [n]
▶ kanji "yawning" radical (radical 76)

Conjugations


History:
13. A 2023-11-16 00:51:22  Jim Breen <...address hidden...>
  Comments:
I agree. Done.
  Diff:
@@ -16,4 +15,0 @@
-<reb>けんしん</reb>
-<re_restr>欠伸</re_restr>
-</r_ele>
-<r_ele>
@@ -32 +27,0 @@
-<stagr>あくび</stagr>
12. A* 2023-11-15 23:59:56  Robin Scott <...address hidden...>
  Comments:
けんしん is only in daijs, koj and nikk. I suggest splitting it out into a separate [rare] entry.
11. A 2023-11-14 20:34:45  Jim Breen <...address hidden...>
  Comments:
I agree about けんづくり.
10. A* 2023-11-13 23:36:33  Stephen Kraus <...address hidden...>
  Refs:
https://www.weblio.jp/content/欠
https://dictionary.goo.ne.jp/word/欠伸_(あくび)/

I'm not seeing けんづくり in daijisen. Shinmeikai mentions it in a note in its entry for あくび.

Meikyo has a list of similar constructions in its entry for 旁.
  「所」の「斤(おのづくり)」、「対」の「寸(すんづくり)」、「形」の「彡(さんづくり)」など。

We have entries for all three of those (斧旁, 彡旁, etc.)
  Comments:
I think けんづくり would be better in a separate entry for 欠旁 if it's needed.
  Diff:
@@ -20,4 +19,0 @@
-<reb>けんづくり</reb>
-<re_restr>欠</re_restr>
-</r_ele>
-<r_ele>
@@ -37 +32,0 @@
-<stagr>けんづくり</stagr>
9. A* 2023-11-13 23:01:02 
  Refs:
daijs
  Diff:
@@ -19,0 +20,4 @@
+<reb>けんづくり</reb>
+<re_restr>欠</re_restr>
+</r_ele>
+<r_ele>
@@ -32,0 +37 @@
+<stagr>けんづくり</stagr>
(show/hide 8 older log entries)

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jmdict 1355790 Active (id: 2289537)
[ichi1]
[ichi1]
1. [n]
▶ place
▶ spot
▶ space
2. [n]
▶ field
▶ discipline
▶ sphere
▶ realm
3. [n]
▶ occasion
▶ situation
Cross references:
  ⇒ see: 2205240 その場 1. there; that situation; that occasion
4. [n]
▶ scene (of a play, movie, etc.)
5. [n] {stock market}
▶ session
6. [n] {card games}
▶ field
▶ table
▶ area in which cards are laid out (in a card game)
Cross references:
  ⇐ see: 2826484 場札【ばふだ】 1. cards on the board; cards in the field; cards placed face up on the table
  ⇐ see: 2846697 絶場【ぜつば】 1. starting field which contains the November and/or December 20-point card
  ⇐ see: 2846696 大場【おおば】 2. starting field containing any of the January, March or August 20-point cards
  ⇐ see: 2846695 小場【こば】 1. starting field not containing any 20-point cards
7. [n] {mahjong}
▶ round (east, south, etc.)
Cross references:
  ⇒ see: 2750110 東場 1. east round
  ⇒ see: 2750100 南場 1. south round
  ⇐ see: 2752610 場風【ばかぜ】 1. tiles matching the round wind
  ⇐ see: 2752620 場風牌【ばかぜはい】 1. tiles matching the round wind
8. [n] {physics}
▶ field
9. [n] {psychology}
▶ field (in Gestalt psychology)



History:
16. A 2024-01-22 20:00:38  Jim Breen <...address hidden...>
15. A* 2024-01-22 19:03:33  Stephen Kraus <...address hidden...>
  Comments:
This seems like the kind of info we'd normally put in parentheses
  Diff:
@@ -62,2 +62 @@
-<s_inf>in Gestalt psychology</s_inf>
-<gloss>field</gloss>
+<gloss>field (in Gestalt psychology)</gloss>
14. A 2023-12-11 23:07:54  Jim Breen <...address hidden...>
13. A* 2023-12-11 22:20:03  Stephen Kraus <...address hidden...>
  Comments:
I don't think the mahjong sense needs so many cross references.
  Diff:
@@ -51,2 +50,0 @@
-<xref type="see" seq="2750550">西場</xref>
-<xref type="see" seq="2750560">北場</xref>
12. A 2023-11-16 07:04:38  Stephen Kraus <...address hidden...>
  Diff:
@@ -37 +37,2 @@
-<gloss>session (of the stock market)</gloss>
+<field>&stockm;</field>
+<gloss>session</gloss>
(show/hide 11 older log entries)

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jmdict 1400520 Active (id: 2283605)
こぎ着ける漕ぎ着ける漕ぎつける [sK] 漕ぎ付ける [sK] こぎ付ける [sK] 漕着ける [sK]
こぎつける
1. [v1,vt] [uk]
▶ to row (a boat) to (a pier, shore, etc.)
2. [v1,vt,vi] [uk]
▶ to reach (a goal after considerable effort)
▶ to arrive at
▶ to (finally) manage to do

Conjugations


History:
11. A 2023-11-16 14:31:54  Stephen Kraus <...address hidden...>
  Refs:
〈漕(ぎ)/こぎ/コギ〉〈着/付/つ〉け

Google N-gram Corpus Counts
╭─ーーーー─┬─────────┬───────╮
│ こぎ着け │  30,847 │ 13.9% │
│ 漕ぎ着け │  28,285 │ 12.8% │
│ 漕ぎつけ │   8,047 │  3.6% │ - sK
│ 漕ぎ付け │   2,816 │  1.3% │ - add, sK
│ こぎ付け │   1,747 │  0.8% │ - add, sK
│ 漕付け  │      46 │  0.0% │
│ 漕着け  │      31 │  0.0% │ - add, sK (shinsen, smk, iwakoku, jitenon)
│ こぎつけ │ 149,662 │ 67.6% │
│ コギつけ │      47 │  0.0% │
╰─ーーーー─┴─────────┴───────╯
  Diff:
@@ -11,0 +12,13 @@
+<ke_inf>&sK;</ke_inf>
+</k_ele>
+<k_ele>
+<keb>漕ぎ付ける</keb>
+<ke_inf>&sK;</ke_inf>
+</k_ele>
+<k_ele>
+<keb>こぎ付ける</keb>
+<ke_inf>&sK;</ke_inf>
+</k_ele>
+<k_ele>
+<keb>漕着ける</keb>
+<ke_inf>&sK;</ke_inf>
10. A 2023-11-16 09:49:54  Jim Breen <...address hidden...>
  Refs:
GG5 uses kana examples too.
9. A* 2023-11-16 09:03:05  Opencooper
  Refs:
G n-grams:

こぎ着けた 15,496 14.9%
漕ぎ着けた 13,377 12.8%
漕ぎつけた  3,822  3.7%
こぎつけた 71,559 68.6%
  Diff:
@@ -18,0 +19 @@
+<misc>&uk;</misc>
@@ -24,0 +26 @@
+<misc>&uk;</misc>
8. A 2020-04-28 03:43:21  Jim Breen <...address hidden...>
7. A* 2020-04-27 11:09:40  Robin Scott <...address hidden...>
  Refs:
gg5, prog, meikyo
漕ぎ着ける	6094
こぎ着ける	6208
漕ぎつける	1774
  Diff:
@@ -5 +5 @@
-<keb>漕ぎ着ける</keb>
+<keb>こぎ着ける</keb>
@@ -8 +8 @@
-<keb>こぎ着ける</keb>
+<keb>漕ぎ着ける</keb>
@@ -19 +19 @@
-<gloss>to row (a boat) up to (a pier)</gloss>
+<gloss>to row (a boat) to (a pier, shore, etc.)</gloss>
@@ -24,3 +24,4 @@
-<gloss>to attain (after effort)</gloss>
-<gloss>to reach (a certain stage)</gloss>
-<gloss>to manage to do</gloss>
+<pos>&vi;</pos>
+<gloss>to reach (a goal after considerable effort)</gloss>
+<gloss>to arrive at</gloss>
+<gloss>to (finally) manage to do</gloss>
(show/hide 6 older log entries)

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jmdict 1436450 Active (id: 2283891)
提灯 [news2,nf34] 挑灯 [rK] 提燈 [sK]
ちょうちん [news2,nf34]
1. [n]
▶ paper lantern
▶ Chinese lantern
▶ Japanese lantern
Cross references:
  ⇐ see: 2838120 ちょうちん 1. chōchin; yakitori skewer of chicken oviduct meat and immature egg yolks
2. [n] [col]
▶ snot bubble
Cross references:
  ⇒ see: 2714610 鼻ちょうちん 1. snot bubble



History:
13. A 2023-11-19 19:25:24  Jim Breen <...address hidden...>
12. A* 2023-11-19 06:40:42  Stephen Kraus <...address hidden...>
  Refs:
挑灯	359
daijirin, smk, nikkoku
  Diff:
@@ -7,0 +8,4 @@
+</k_ele>
+<k_ele>
+<keb>挑灯</keb>
+<ke_inf>&rK;</ke_inf>
11. A 2023-11-19 06:24:10  Jim Breen <...address hidden...>
10. A* 2023-11-18 23:59:33  Robin Scott <...address hidden...>
  Refs:
提灯	813,815	98.9%	
提燈	8,882	1.1%	- uncommon kyujitai -> sK
  Comments:
I'd rather we dropped the ていとう reading than clutter the entry with restr tags. It's not in any of the JEs or smaller kokugos (or daijr).
  Diff:
@@ -10,0 +11 @@
+<ke_inf>&sK;</ke_inf>
@@ -17,4 +17,0 @@
-<r_ele>
-<reb>ていとう</reb>
-<re_inf>&ok;</re_inf>
-</r_ele>
@@ -22 +18,0 @@
-<stagr>ちょうちん</stagr>
@@ -29,7 +24,0 @@
-<pos>&n;</pos>
-<misc>&rare;</misc>
-<gloss>handheld lantern</gloss>
-<gloss>handheld lamp</gloss>
-</sense>
-<sense>
-<stagr>ちょうちん</stagr>
9. A 2023-11-16 03:29:58  Jim Breen <...address hidden...>
  Comments:
Been around too long. Not convinced that sense 3 should be here.
(show/hide 8 older log entries)

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jmdict 1440590 Active (id: 2283563)
天ぷら [ateji/ichi1] 天麩羅 [ateji] 天婦羅 [ateji] 天プラ [sK] 天麸羅 [sK]
てんぷら [ichi1] テンプラ [sk]
1. [n] {food, cooking} Source lang: por "tempero"
▶ tempura
▶ [expl] deep-fried fish and vegetables in a light batter
Cross references:
  ⇐ see: 2657840 金プラ【きんぷら】 1. tempura made with egg yolk in the batter (hence golden colored)
  ⇐ see: 1438210 天【てん】 9. tempura
  ⇐ see: 2171120 天かす【てんかす】 1. tenkasu; crunchy bits of fried batter left after cooking tempura



History:
8. A 2023-11-16 07:53:23  Jim Breen <...address hidden...>
7. A* 2023-11-16 07:27:29  Stephen Kraus <...address hidden...>
  Refs:
On second thought, I guess they would all be considered ateji.
Shinmeikai describes the forms as 音訳.
  Diff:
@@ -5,0 +6 @@
+<ke_inf>&ateji;</ke_inf>
@@ -9,0 +11 @@
+<ke_inf>&ateji;</ke_inf>
6. A* 2023-11-16 07:23:53  Stephen Kraus <...address hidden...>
  Refs:
shinsen, sankoku, daijirin, meikyo, obunsha just have "tempero" from Portuguese (in uncertain terms) rather than "temporas."

Google N-gram Corpus Counts
╭─ーーーー─┬───────────┬───────╮
│ 天ぷら  │ 2,522,437 │ 69.9% │
│ 天麩羅  │   218,538 │  6.1% │
│ 天婦羅  │   138,818 │  3.8% │ - ateji (meikyo)
│ 天プラ  │    16,879 │  0.5% │ - sK
│ 天麸羅  │       602 │  0.0% │ - sK (itaiji)
│ てんぷら │   659,616 │ 18.3% │
│ てんプラ │         0 │  0.0% │ - drop restrictions
│ テンプラ │    53,885 │  1.5% │ - sk
╰─ーーーー─┴───────────┴───────╯
  Comments:
Dropping "temporas."
Adding a [food] tag.
Adding an [expl] gloss tag.
  Diff:
@@ -12,0 +13 @@
+<ke_inf>&ateji;</ke_inf>
@@ -15,0 +17 @@
+<ke_inf>&sK;</ke_inf>
@@ -18,0 +21 @@
+<ke_inf>&sK;</ke_inf>
@@ -22,4 +24,0 @@
-<re_restr>天ぷら</re_restr>
-<re_restr>天麩羅</re_restr>
-<re_restr>天婦羅</re_restr>
-<re_restr>天麸羅</re_restr>
@@ -29,4 +27,0 @@
-<reb>てんプラ</reb>
-<re_restr>天プラ</re_restr>
-</r_ele>
-<r_ele>
@@ -34 +29 @@
-<re_nokanji/>
+<re_inf>&sk;</re_inf>
@@ -38 +33,2 @@
-<lsource xml:lang="por">tempero, temporas</lsource>
+<field>&food;</field>
+<lsource xml:lang="por">tempero</lsource>
@@ -40 +36 @@
-<gloss>deep-fried fish and vegetables in a light batter</gloss>
+<gloss g_type="expl">deep-fried fish and vegetables in a light batter</gloss>
5. A 2017-09-13 08:29:06  Johan Råde <...address hidden...>
  Comments:
ordered by googits
  Diff:
@@ -14,0 +15,3 @@
+<keb>天プラ</keb>
+</k_ele>
+<k_ele>
@@ -18,0 +22,4 @@
+<re_restr>天ぷら</re_restr>
+<re_restr>天麩羅</re_restr>
+<re_restr>天婦羅</re_restr>
+<re_restr>天麸羅</re_restr>
@@ -19,0 +27,4 @@
+</r_ele>
+<r_ele>
+<reb>てんプラ</reb>
+<re_restr>天プラ</re_restr>
4. A 2017-09-13 08:22:46  Johan Råde <...address hidden...>
  Comments:
ordered by googits
  Diff:
@@ -12,0 +13,3 @@
+</k_ele>
+<k_ele>
+<keb>天麸羅</keb>
(show/hide 3 older log entries)

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jmdict 1469680 Active (id: 2283591)
粘り気 [news2,nf40] 粘りけ
ねばりけ [news2,nf40]
1. [n]
▶ stickiness
▶ viscosity
▶ glutinosity



History:
2. A 2023-11-16 11:31:20  Jim Breen <...address hidden...>
1. A* 2023-11-16 08:48:09  Opencooper
  Refs:
JEs

粘り気  53,420 82.8%
粘りけ   8,505 13.2% <- NHK accent
ねばり気  1,300  2.0%
ねばりけ  1,259  2.0%
  Diff:
@@ -7,0 +8,3 @@
+</k_ele>
+<k_ele>
+<keb>粘りけ</keb>
@@ -16,0 +20,2 @@
+<gloss>viscosity</gloss>
+<gloss>glutinosity</gloss>

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jmdict 1485770 Active (id: 2283580)
[ichi1,news1,nf05]
[ichi1,news1,nf05]
1. [n]
▶ tail (of an animal)
▶ cauda
2. [n]
▶ tail (of a kite, etc.)
▶ tail end
3. [n] {astronomy}
▶ tail (of a comet)
4. [n]
▶ slope at the foot of a mountain



History:
7. A 2023-11-16 08:52:27  Jim Breen <...address hidden...>
  Refs:
GG5
  Comments:
Xref not needed.
  Diff:
@@ -18 +17,0 @@
-<xref type="see" seq="1358800">尻尾・1</xref>
@@ -19,0 +19 @@
+<gloss>cauda</gloss>
6. A* 2023-11-10 17:43:35  Brian Krznarich <...address hidden...>
  Refs:
尻尾を振って	27214	92.5%
尾を振って	2218	7.5%

尻尾を振る	10123	81.9%
尾を振る	2240	18.1%
  Comments:
I had an old poorly-conceived flashcard with 尾を振る, to wag one's tail. From experience,  尻尾 would usually be used, at least in everyday conversation about pets.
  Diff:
@@ -17,0 +18 @@
+<xref type="see" seq="1358800">尻尾・1</xref>
5. A 2021-11-20 06:47:19  Jim Breen <...address hidden...>
4. A* 2021-11-20 00:30:13 
  Refs:
https://astro-dic.jp/dust-tail-2/
  Diff:
@@ -18 +18,5 @@
-<gloss>tail (animal, kite, comet, etc.)</gloss>
+<gloss>tail (of an animal)</gloss>
+</sense>
+<sense>
+<pos>&n;</pos>
+<gloss>tail (of a kite, etc.)</gloss>
@@ -19,0 +24,5 @@
+</sense>
+<sense>
+<pos>&n;</pos>
+<field>&astron;</field>
+<gloss>tail (of a comet)</gloss>
3. A 2011-07-21 23:05:45  Jim Breen <...address hidden...>
(show/hide 2 older log entries)

View entry in alternate formats: jel | edict | jmdict xml | jmnedict xml | jmdictdb xml
jmdict 1495690 Active (id: 2283554)
付き添い婦付添婦
つきそいふ
1. [n] [rare]
▶ (female) private nurse
▶ patient attendant
Cross references:
  ⇒ see: 1728760 付き添い看護婦 1. (female) private nurse; patient attendant



History:
2. A 2023-11-16 05:46:30  Jim Breen <...address hidden...>
1. A* 2023-11-12 15:28:36  Brian Krznarich <...address hidden...>
  Refs:
付き添い婦	506	23.5%
付添婦	1651	76.5%

Good info on "practical nurse" here.
https://my.clevelandclinic.org/health/articles/24503-licensed-practical-nurse-lpn
  Comments:
Setting ngrams aside, I've ordered the kanji forms consistent with all of the others. 

I do not believe this should have been "practical nurse" (准看護婦, 准看護師), which seems to be a technical term for an assistant nurse who basically does strictly nursing-related duties under the supervision of someone senior.

Odds that 付き添い婦 is short for 付き添い看護婦 seem ... medium.  If *anything* it is even less than "private nurse", the "nurse" bit having been omitted, possibly as shorthand, or possibly for legitimate reasons.

Here is a super-interesting modern usage:
http://www.saitamakinen-h.or.jp/hospitalization/
入院中、患者様が付き添い看護師又は付き添い婦を雇うことはできません。

This explicitly forbids *both* 添い看護師 and 付き添い婦, suggesting that the latter is *not* a 看護師 at all, and possibly a less-technical sort of helper/attendant.  

On the other hand:
https://jglobal.jst.go.jp/detail?JGLOBAL_ID=200902110447481873
「付添看護」とは何だったのか 5 付添婦の労働実態 近代的な病院に存在する「前近代的」な労働形態

This puts 付添看護 and 付添婦 right next to each other, seeming to suggest they are the same thing :)  No doubt 付添婦 is at least *sometimes* 付き添い看護婦.
  Diff:
@@ -5,0 +6,3 @@
+</k_ele>
+<k_ele>
+<keb>付添婦</keb>
@@ -12 +15,6 @@
-<gloss>practical nurse</gloss>
+<xref type="see" seq="1728760">付き添い看護婦</xref>
+<xref type="see" seq="1728760">付き添い看護婦</xref>
+<xref type="see" seq="1728760">付き添い看護婦</xref>
+<misc>&rare;</misc>
+<gloss>(female) private nurse</gloss>
+<gloss>patient attendant</gloss>

View entry in alternate formats: jel | edict | jmdict xml | jmnedict xml | jmdictdb xml
jmdict 1496980 Active (id: 2283556)
扶助 [ichi1,news1,nf18]
ふじょ [ichi1,news1,nf18]
1. [n,vs,vt]
▶ aid
▶ help
▶ assistance
▶ support

Conjugations


History:
3. A 2023-11-16 06:18:03  Jim Breen <...address hidden...>
  Refs:
JEs and kokugos (none mention horses.)
  Comments:
I think 扶助 can be used for all sorts of aids and aiding. The slightly odd Wikipedia page doesn't justify a complete sense about riding aids.
  Diff:
@@ -25,5 +24,0 @@
-<sense>
-<pos>&n;</pos>
-<field>&horse;</field>
-<gloss>riding aid</gloss>
-</sense>
2. A* 2023-11-12 17:26:53  Brian Krznarich <...address hidden...>
  Refs:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Riding_aids
Riding aids are the cues a rider gives to a horse to communicate what they want the animal to do. Riding aids are broken into the natural aids and the artificial aids.

https://ja.wikipedia.org/wiki/扶助
曖昧さ回避	この項目では、馬術用語について説明しています。国などの公的機関が行う扶助については「公的扶助」を、言葉の意味については「wikt:扶助」をご覧ください。

扶助(ふじょ)とは乗馬・馬術において騎手が馬に合図や命令を伝えるため、また馬の動きを補助し、促すための動作を指す。

扶助とは?
https://equia.jp/startup/post-9747.html
扶助とは、騎乗者が馬に乗り手の意思を伝えるために行う指示を出す行動のことを言います。「歩く」「止まる」といった動作をしようとした時、乗馬で実際にその動作を行うのは馬です。騎乗者は馬に合図を出さなければ、馬は動作を行うことはありません。扶助は騎乗者が馬に意思を伝える為に行うものなのです。
  Comments:
wikipedia alignment
  Diff:
@@ -24,0 +25,5 @@
+<sense>
+<pos>&n;</pos>
+<field>&horse;</field>
+<gloss>riding aid</gloss>
+</sense>
1. A 2021-11-18 01:25:42  Jim Breen <...address hidden...>
  Comments:
Meikyo vt and vi additions to n,vs entries
-*- via bulkupd.py -*-
  Diff:
@@ -18,0 +19 @@
+<pos>&vt;</pos>

View entry in alternate formats: jel | edict | jmdict xml | jmnedict xml | jmdictdb xml
jmdict 1499270 Active (id: 2283617)
ブドウ糖ぶどう糖葡萄糖 [rK]
ぶどうとう
1. [n]
▶ grape sugar
▶ glucose
▶ dextrose



History:
3. A 2023-11-16 18:26:54  Stephen Kraus <...address hidden...>
  Refs:
Google N-gram Corpus Counts
╭─ーーーーー─┬─────────┬───────╮
│ ブドウ糖  │ 225,864 │ 72.8% │
│ ぶどう糖  │  79,315 │ 25.6% │
│ 葡萄糖   │   4,838 │  1.6% │ - rK (kokugos)
│ ブドウとう │      27 │  0.0% │ - dropping restrictions
│ ぶどうとう │     121 │  0.0% │
╰─ーーーーー─┴─────────┴───────╯
  Diff:
@@ -11,0 +12 @@
+<ke_inf>&rK;</ke_inf>
@@ -14,4 +14,0 @@
-<reb>ブドウとう</reb>
-<re_restr>ブドウ糖</re_restr>
-</r_ele>
-<r_ele>
@@ -19,2 +15,0 @@
-<re_restr>ぶどう糖</re_restr>
-<re_restr>葡萄糖</re_restr>
2. A 2018-05-31 07:03:41  Marcus Richert <...address hidden...>
1. A* 2018-05-31 00:43:02  Jim Breen <...address hidden...>
  Refs:
G n-grams:
ぶどう糖	79315
ブドウ糖	225864
葡萄糖	4838
  Diff:
@@ -5,0 +6,3 @@
+</k_ele>
+<k_ele>
+<keb>ぶどう糖</keb>
@@ -15,0 +19 @@
+<re_restr>ぶどう糖</re_restr>

View entry in alternate formats: jel | edict | jmdict xml | jmnedict xml | jmdictdb xml
jmdict 1532300 Active (id: 2283735)
明け方 [ichi1,news1,nf24] 明方 [io] 明けがた [sK]
あけがた [ichi1,news1,nf24]
1. [n,adv]
▶ dawn
▶ daybreak
Cross references:
  ⇔ see: 1670820 暮れ方 1. evening; dusk; sunset; nightfall



History:
11. A 2023-11-17 23:59:52  Robin Scott <...address hidden...>
  Comments:
Yes, I'm not sure this is an appropriate use of adv but that's a discussion for GitHub.
10. A 2023-11-16 03:01:55  Stephen Kraus <...address hidden...>
  Comments:
Thanks. Maybe someone could argue that it's merely a case of omitting a particle rather than 明け方 being adverbial, but I don't think the tag hurts to have.
  Diff:
@@ -25,0 +26 @@
+<pos>&adv;</pos>
9. A* 2023-11-16 02:27:22  Robin Scott <...address hidden...>
  Refs:
明け方目が覚め	1,306		
明け方に目が覚め	1,624		
明け方寝	        1,404		
明け方に寝	1,625
  Comments:
It has an adv tag because it used to be n-adv, which was deprecated a couple of years ago and converted to [n,adv]. Unidic tags it as 副詞可能, like a lot of time-related nouns. It's considered adverbial because it can mean "at dawn" without a に or は particle. We're not consistent in how we apply adv in cases like this.
8. A* 2023-11-16 01:52:34  Stephen Kraus <...address hidden...>
  Comments:
The [adv] tag looks suspicious. I don't see support for it in my refs.
  Diff:
@@ -26 +25,0 @@
-<pos>&adv;</pos>
7. A* 2023-11-16 01:29:33  Robin Scott <...address hidden...>
  Refs:
gg5, luminous, daij, meikyo
明け方	588,827	98.3%	
明方	7,816	1.3%	- not in daijr/s, koj
明けがた	2,205	0.4%
  Diff:
@@ -11,0 +12 @@
+<ke_inf>&io;</ke_inf>
@@ -14,0 +16 @@
+<ke_inf>&sK;</ke_inf>
@@ -25 +27 @@
-<xref type="see" seq="1542790">夕方</xref>
+<xref type="see" seq="1670820">暮れ方</xref>
@@ -26,0 +29 @@
+<gloss>daybreak</gloss>
(show/hide 6 older log entries)

View entry in alternate formats: jel | edict | jmdict xml | jmnedict xml | jmdictdb xml
jmdict 1542790 Active (id: 2283532)
夕方 [ichi1,news1,nf07] 夕がた
ゆうがた [ichi1,news1,nf07]
1. [n,adv]
▶ early evening (usu. from 3pm to 6pm)
▶ dusk



History:
10. A 2023-11-16 01:13:22  Jim Breen <...address hidden...>
9. A* 2023-11-16 01:10:15  Robin Scott <...address hidden...>
  Comments:
I don't think 夕方 and 明け方 are considered a pair. The kokugos have x-refs between 明け方 and 暮れ方.
  Diff:
@@ -22 +21,0 @@
-<xref type="see" seq="1532300">明け方</xref>
8. A 2023-11-14 05:03:09  Jim Breen <...address hidden...>
  Refs:
Daijs: 気象庁の天気予報等では、15時頃から18時頃までを指す。
  Diff:
@@ -23 +23 @@
-<gloss>early evening (from 3PM to 6PM)</gloss>
+<gloss>early evening (usu. from 3pm to 6pm)</gloss>
7. A* 2023-11-14 03:34:24 
  Refs:
sankoku
https://www.weblio.jp/content/夕方#:~:text=意味:,から18時頃まで。
  Comments:
"夕方" starts and ends earlier than our evening, worth pointing out
  Diff:
@@ -23 +23 @@
-<gloss>evening</gloss>
+<gloss>early evening (from 3PM to 6PM)</gloss>
6. A 2021-03-31 04:45:06  Jim Breen <...address hidden...>
  Comments:
Bulk update n-adv to n,adv
-*- via bulkupd.py -*-
  Diff:
@@ -20 +20,2 @@
-<pos>&n-adv;</pos>
+<pos>&n;</pos>
+<pos>&adv;</pos>
(show/hide 5 older log entries)

View entry in alternate formats: jel | edict | jmdict xml | jmnedict xml | jmdictdb xml
jmdict 1551240 Active (id: 2283567)
立ち [news1,nf11]
たち [news1,nf11]
1. [n]
▶ departure
▶ setting off
▶ start
2. [n]
▶ being used up
▶ being consumed
▶ being burnt out
3. [n]
▶ passage of time
▶ lapse
4. [n] [abbr]
▶ rehearsal
Cross references:
  ⇒ see: 1838430 立ち稽古【たちげいこ】 1. rehearsal
5. [n] [abbr]
▶ leading male role in kabuki
Cross references:
  ⇒ see: 1837910 立ち役【たちやく】 1. leading male role in kabuki
6. [n] [abbr] {sumo}
▶ rising from a crouch to charge
▶ initial charge
▶ faceoff
7. [pref]
▶ [expl] verb prefix conveying emphasis and sometimes formality
Cross references:
  ⇐ see: 2734310 立ち越える【たちこえる】 2. to surpass; to be superior to
  ⇐ see: 2734310 立ち越える【たちこえる】 1. to rise above; to transcend



History:
9. A 2023-11-16 08:13:14  Jim Breen <...address hidden...>
  Diff:
@@ -45,3 +45 @@
-<xref type="see" seq="1837710">立会い・たちあい・1</xref>
-<xref type="see" seq="1837710">立会い・たちあい・1</xref>
-<xref type="see" seq="1837710">立会い・たちあい・1</xref>
+<xref type="see" seq="1837700">立ち合い・たちあい</xref>
8. A 2013-12-04 05:22:10  Jim Breen <...address hidden...>
  Comments:
I think the "expl" is OK. I'll align the sumo gloss with the full form.
  Diff:
@@ -48,0 +48,1 @@
+<gloss>rising from a crouch to charge</gloss>
@@ -49,0 +50,1 @@
+<gloss>faceoff</gloss>
7. A* 2013-12-04 05:08:13  Marcus Richert
  Refs:
daijs
  Comments:
or note?
  Diff:
@@ -46,1 +46,0 @@
-<xref type="see" seq="1837710">立ち会い・たちあい</xref>
@@ -53,1 +52,1 @@
-<gloss>verb prefix conveying emphasis and increased feeling</gloss>
+<gloss g_type="expl">verb prefix conveying emphasis and sometimes formality</gloss>
6. A* 2013-12-04 00:47:16  Jim Breen <...address hidden...>
  Comments:
Adjust xref (if merge approved.)
  Diff:
@@ -45,2 +45,2 @@
-<xref type="see" seq="1837700">立ち合い・たちあい</xref>
-<xref type="see" seq="1837700">立ち合い・たちあい</xref>
+<xref type="see" seq="1837710">立会い・たちあい・1</xref>
+<xref type="see" seq="1837710">立ち会い・たちあい</xref>
5. A 2012-08-22 11:32:17  Jim Breen <...address hidden...>
  Comments:
11 days on. I'll close it.
(show/hide 4 older log entries)

View entry in alternate formats: jel | edict | jmdict xml | jmnedict xml | jmdictdb xml
jmdict 1562060 Active (id: 2283544)
和牛 [news1,nf22]
わぎゅう [news1,nf22]
1. [n]
▶ Wagyu (any of four breeds of Japanese cattle)
▶ Wagyu beef



History:
3. A 2023-11-16 03:05:31  Jim Breen <...address hidden...>
  Comments:
OK
2. A* 2023-11-16 02:48:54  Robin Scott <...address hidden...>
  Refs:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wagyu
  Comments:
Not just the meat. All the JEs have "Japanese (breed of) cow". Meikyo has two senses.
Even if we split this into senses, I don't think it needs a food tag as it's a raw ingredient.
  Diff:
@@ -16 +16 @@
-<field>&food;</field>
+<gloss>Wagyu (any of four breeds of Japanese cattle)</gloss>
@@ -18 +17,0 @@
-<gloss>Japanese beef</gloss>
1. A 2023-11-14 00:41:38  Marcus Richert <...address hidden...>
  Diff:
@@ -15,0 +16 @@
+<field>&food;</field>

View entry in alternate formats: jel | edict | jmdict xml | jmnedict xml | jmdictdb xml
jmdict 1581430 Active (id: 2283852)
打ちのめす [news2,nf40]
うちのめす [news2,nf40]
1. [v5s,vt]
▶ to knock (someone) down
▶ to floor
▶ to beat up
2. [v5s,vt]
▶ to deal a devastating blow (from which one cannot recover)
▶ to devastate (emotionally)
▶ to crush
▶ to overwhelm
▶ to defeat resoundingly
▶ to give (an opponent) a drubbing

Conjugations


History:
12. A 2023-11-19 06:22:11  Jim Breen <...address hidden...>
11. A* 2023-11-18 23:28:24  Robin Scott <...address hidden...>
  Refs:
gg5, daij, meikyo
  Diff:
@@ -17,2 +17,3 @@
-<gloss>to knock down</gloss>
-<gloss>to beat (someone) up</gloss>
+<gloss>to knock (someone) down</gloss>
+<gloss>to floor</gloss>
+<gloss>to beat up</gloss>
@@ -23,2 +24,6 @@
-<gloss>to injure (someone) so badly they cannot recover (esp. emotionally)</gloss>
-<gloss>to overwhelm (with mental anguish, etc.)</gloss>
+<gloss>to deal a devastating blow (from which one cannot recover)</gloss>
+<gloss>to devastate (emotionally)</gloss>
+<gloss>to crush</gloss>
+<gloss>to overwhelm</gloss>
+<gloss>to defeat resoundingly</gloss>
+<gloss>to give (an opponent) a drubbing</gloss>
10. A 2023-11-16 01:11:43  Jim Breen <...address hidden...>
  Comments:
Closing.
9. A* 2023-11-08 07:42:24  Jim Breen <...address hidden...>
8. A 2023-11-08 07:42:11  Jim Breen <...address hidden...>
  Comments:
OK, setting up a split. I'll approve and reopen. I think ぶちのめす is probably just one sense.
  Diff:
@@ -14,3 +13,0 @@
-<r_ele>
-<reb>ぶちのめす</reb>
-</r_ele>
@@ -20 +16,0 @@
-<s_inf>ぶちのめす is usu. just kana</s_inf>
(show/hide 7 older log entries)

View entry in alternate formats: jel | edict | jmdict xml | jmnedict xml | jmdictdb xml
jmdict 1591910 Active (id: 2283802)
布地 [news1,nf22]
ぬのじ [news1,nf22]
1. [n]
▶ fabric
▶ cloth
▶ material
Cross references:
  ⇐ see: 2859268 切れ地【きれじ】 1. fabric; cloth; material



History:
5. A 2023-11-18 21:29:32  Robin Scott <...address hidden...>
  Comments:
I don't think the x-ref is needed.
  Diff:
@@ -16 +15,0 @@
-<xref type="see" seq="1379330">生地・きじ・1</xref>
4. A 2023-11-16 06:44:38  Jim Breen <...address hidden...>
  Comments:
This needs to be split into 布地/ぬのじ and 裂地, etc./きれじ. Should never have been merged.
  Diff:
@@ -9,11 +8,0 @@
-<k_ele>
-<keb>裂地</keb>
-</k_ele>
-<k_ele>
-<keb>切れ地</keb>
-<ke_inf>&rK;</ke_inf>
-</k_ele>
-<k_ele>
-<keb>切地</keb>
-<ke_inf>&rK;</ke_inf>
-</k_ele>
@@ -22 +10,0 @@
-<re_restr>布地</re_restr>
@@ -25,3 +12,0 @@
-</r_ele>
-<r_ele>
-<reb>きれじ</reb>
@@ -32,2 +17 @@
-<s_inf>usu. ぬのじ・布地</s_inf>
-<gloss>fabric (esp. for making clothing)</gloss>
+<gloss>fabric</gloss>
@@ -35,11 +19 @@
-</sense>
-<sense>
-<stagk>裂地</stagk>
-<stagr>きれじ</stagr>
-<pos>&n;</pos>
-<gloss>traditionally patterned textiles (esp. for mounting scrolls, pictures, etc., or for adorning bags, clothing, etc.)</gloss>
-</sense>
-<sense>
-<pos>&n;</pos>
-<misc>&rare;</misc>
-<gloss>fabric scraps</gloss>
+<gloss>material</gloss>
3. A* 2023-11-10 20:38:47  Brian Krznarich <...address hidden...>
  Refs:
Dictionary trivia!
「布地」は「ぬのじ」以外になんと読む?読めたらスゴい難読漢字、正解は?
https://trilltrill.jp/articles/2675215
「布地」を「きれじ」と読むなんて、想像もしていなかったのではないでしょうか。 <--- bet you never guessed きれじ!

daijs on 【切れ地/▽布地/▽裂地】:
1 織物。反物。また、その地質。「厚い―」
2 織物の切れ端。
3 袋物や鼻緒などにする特別の紋織物。

sankoku:
ぬのじ:衣服をつくるための布。生地
きれじ:
1)反物。織物
2)反物のきれはし


  生地	8370062

布地	353903	95.6%
切れ地	192	0.1%
切地	2335	0.6%
裂地	13787	3.7%


Hinative users say 布地 = ぬのじ, きれじ = ??? never heard of it and/or "anal fissure"
https://ja.hinative.com/questions/13072539
Response #1:
ぬのじ、です。きじ(生地)、でもいいです。
きれじ、は違う意味になっちゃいます。
Response #2:
ぬのじ(布地)も使いますが、
服やバッグなどを作る材料としては、「きじ(生地)」が一般的です。
Response #3:
「きれ」にも布地・生地の意味はありますが、通じない可能性があります。
「きれじ」の言い方は聞いたことがありません。
「布地(ぬのじ)」もしくは「生地(きじ)」と言うのがいいと思います。
Response #4:
「布地(ぬのじ)」です。「生地(きじ)」という言い方もあります。「余った布」というニュアンスを含む「布切れ(ぬのきれ)」という言葉もありますが、布関係で「きれじ」という言葉は知りません。
「きれじ」は、一般的には「切れ痔(じ(ぢ))」(裂肛, anal fissure の通称)ですね。

Doesn't even *consider* きれじ in it's little "how-do-you-read" exercise(funny question, since ぬのぢ and ぬのじ are the same 読み方...):
布地の正しい読み方は「ぬのぢ」「ぬのじ」?
https://zatugaku-gimonn.com/entry4930.html


「布地」と「生地」の違いを分かりやすく説明していきます。
https://chigai-hikaku.com/?p=41496
「布地」は「ぬのじ」と読みます。


A page on 裂地 as きれじ.
https://sukiwa.net/fabric
裂地(きれじ)について
表装の裂地は、昔は法衣や装束を解いて使っていましたが、明治以降に表装裂地として新たに織られるようになりました。   
裂という字
きれを辞書でひくと「切(れ)」と載っているように、裁断した(切った)織物を表具に仕立てるので、(裂くのではなく)「切る」の方が正式かと思われます。 ただし表具で使われる布の総合名詞として、現在は『裂(きれ)』と書くのが一般的になっています。

From the book: How to Make Handmade Wall Scrolls(2010)
"The size and color of the  裂地 kireji (Specialized Finished Scroll Cloth that has Urauchi) "

https://www.seidoshop.com/blogs/the-seido-blog/83-kakejiku-fabric-kireji
The fabric used to make a kakejiku is referred to as "kireji" (裂地). There are numerous types of kireji available in a variety of materials.Kireji's function, similar to that of a frame in Western painting, is to highlight the calligraphy or artwork; therefore picking the proper one is crucial to creating a beautiful composition.

https://nomurakakejiku.com/lesson_lineup/fabric
Kireji
The “kireji” is a type of cloth used for mounting. The price of the kireji influences the price of a “kakejiku” (hanging scroll) or its mounting. The selection of the kireji is an important element for a kakejiku, because the kireji must accentuate a main artwork.

http://y2-office.com/English_index.html
In general, cloth is also called KIRE in Japan. To begin with, KIRE means pieces of a thing. When we want to use cloth, we usually cut out the cloth of necessary length from a roll of cloth. So we came to call not only a piece of cloth but also cloth itself KIRE. Particularly, artistic fabrics with traditional design are called KIREJI.
  Comments:
I think this should probably be split for practical reasons.  布地 seems common-ish, reasonably-well recognized, and understood to be read as ぬのじ. Paul noted in 2016 that no common 和英 references provide きれじ as a reading.  It does comes up in furigina.info (one example was a translation of Les Miserables, for context...). Under きれじ, sankoku lists 切れ地 *before* 布地. If you compare that with the ngrams, that would make きれじ a rare reading of  布地.  So, きれじ seems like, perhaps, an [arch] reading for 布地.

reverso has *lots* of 布地, zero 切れ地;切地.

裂地, on the other hand, does exist on reverso and elsewhere, with a use that seems to reflect daijs' third sense of  きれじ. Thus, we can't flag きれじ as [arch] or [io] or what-have-you on the entire entry. We could write some big [note] or something.

You can actually just google "kireji fabric" and get quite a lot in English.(for sense [2])

What I would recommend is to put  布地 as its own entry with ぬのじ and the note "esp. for making clothing".  Then a separate entry for 裂地;切れ地;切地 as きれじ, including 布地 as [oK]. 

For context on why I'm making this suggestion, I wanted to know the difference between the readings, so I googled 布地  ぬのじ きれじ.  I ran into another American who had the exact same question, no-doubt driven by this exact entry, and posed it to hinative. (That is the danger of these blended entries, with no guidance we're all on our own to figure out what readings are valid).  Anyway, 4 consecutive responses all concurred that 布地 is read "ぬのじ", "きれじ" is unrelated (they were unfamiliar with the [arch] meaning or reading), and one going so far as to warn that the usual interpretation of きれじ would be:
「きれじ」は、一般的には「切れ痔(じ(ぢ))」(裂肛, anal fissure の通称)ですね。

In fact, if you google "布地", image search will return pictures of anatomy instead. So this is no joke.

Hence my motivation to improve the guidance here.

The ever-mysterious 生地 was often referenced as a more-common term for raw fabric.

I've crammed most of what I've found into this entry, you can see how unwieldy it ends up being.
  Diff:
@@ -9,0 +10,3 @@
+<keb>裂地</keb>
+</k_ele>
+<k_ele>
@@ -10,0 +14 @@
+<ke_inf>&rK;</ke_inf>
@@ -14,3 +18 @@
-</k_ele>
-<k_ele>
-<keb>裂地</keb>
+<ke_inf>&rK;</ke_inf>
@@ -28,0 +31,3 @@
+<xref type="see" seq="1379330">生地・きじ・1</xref>
+<s_inf>usu. ぬのじ・布地</s_inf>
+<gloss>fabric (esp. for making clothing)</gloss>
@@ -30 +35,11 @@
-<gloss>fabric</gloss>
+</sense>
+<sense>
+<stagk>裂地</stagk>
+<stagr>きれじ</stagr>
+<pos>&n;</pos>
+<gloss>traditionally patterned textiles (esp. for mounting scrolls, pictures, etc., or for adorning bags, clothing, etc.)</gloss>
+</sense>
+<sense>
+<pos>&n;</pos>
+<misc>&rare;</misc>
+<gloss>fabric scraps</gloss>
2. A 2016-02-02 04:22:56  Jim Breen <...address hidden...>
  Comments:
Yes!
1. A* 2016-02-01 18:20:26  Paul Upchurch <...address hidden...>
  Refs:
研究社 新和英中辞典, prog, Luminous (all only give ぬのじ for 布地)
Kyoto n-grams, Google n-grams (布地 is far more common)
  Comments:
Moving [news1,nf22] to the ぬのじ reading.
  Diff:
@@ -19 +19,2 @@
-<reb>きれじ</reb>
+<reb>ぬのじ</reb>
+<re_restr>布地</re_restr>
@@ -24,2 +25 @@
-<reb>ぬのじ</reb>
-<re_restr>布地</re_restr>
+<reb>きれじ</reb>

View entry in alternate formats: jel | edict | jmdict xml | jmnedict xml | jmdictdb xml
jmdict 1599860 Active (id: 2283585)
に準じてに准じて [rK]
にじゅんじて
1. [exp]
▶ in accordance with
▶ pursuant to
Cross references:
  ⇒ see: 1341510 準じる 1. to follow (a rule, precedent, etc.); to conform to (the law, standards, etc.); to be based on; to apply correspondingly
2. [exp]
▶ in proportion to
▶ according to
Cross references:
  ⇒ see: 1341510 準じる 2. to be proportionate to
3. [exp]
▶ in the same manner as
▶ in the same way as
▶ in a manner equivalent to
Cross references:
  ⇒ see: 1341510 準じる 3. to correspond to; to be equivalent to; to be treated in the same way as



History:
2. A 2023-11-16 09:59:00  Jim Breen <...address hidden...>
  Refs:
に準じて	232373	49.5%
準じて	236774	50.5%
GG5 has an entry for 準じて, but plainly it almost always is part of に準じて.
1. A* 2023-11-12 15:48:21  Brian Krznarich <...address hidden...>
  Refs:
に准じて	574	0.2%
に準じて	232373	99.8%

Lots of example collocations
https://eow.alc.co.jp/search?q=に準じて

https://context.reverso.net/translation/japanese-english/に準じて
Most common: in accordance with
Lots of: according to
17: pursuant to
zero using "proportion"

Some "same" examples:
https://context.reverso.net/translation/japanese-english/に準じて#same

"equivalent" examples:
https://context.reverso.net/translation/japanese-english/に準じて#equivalent
  Comments:
reversed kanji forms. 

glosses from eijiro, reverso.

the prepositions are not really optional, so I have removed the parenthesis.  they correspond to に, and a target is always required.
  Diff:
@@ -5 +5 @@
-<keb>に准じて</keb>
+<keb>に準じて</keb>
@@ -8 +8,2 @@
-<keb>に準じて</keb>
+<keb>に准じて</keb>
+<ke_inf>&rK;</ke_inf>
@@ -15 +16,16 @@
-<gloss>in proportion (to)</gloss>
+<xref type="see" seq="1341510">準じる・1</xref>
+<gloss>in accordance with</gloss>
+<gloss>pursuant to</gloss>
+</sense>
+<sense>
+<pos>&exp;</pos>
+<xref type="see" seq="1341510">準じる・2</xref>
+<gloss>in proportion to</gloss>
+<gloss>according to</gloss>
+</sense>
+<sense>
+<pos>&exp;</pos>
+<xref type="see" seq="1341510">準じる・3</xref>
+<gloss>in the same manner as</gloss>
+<gloss>in the same way as</gloss>
+<gloss>in a manner equivalent to</gloss>

View entry in alternate formats: jel | edict | jmdict xml | jmnedict xml | jmdictdb xml
jmdict 1601260 Active (id: 2283525)
馬鹿 [ateji/ichi1,news2,nf45] 莫迦 [ateji,rK] 破家 [ateji,sK] 馬稼 [ateji,sK]
ばか [ichi1,news2,nf45] バカ (nokanji) [spec1]
1. [n] [uk]
▶ idiot
▶ moron
▶ fool
Cross references:
  ⇐ see: 2857492 うましか 1. idiot; fool; moron; stupidity
2. [adj-na] [uk]
▶ stupid
▶ foolish
▶ dull
▶ absurd
▶ ridiculous
3. [n,adj-na] [uk]
▶ trivial
▶ insignificant
▶ disappointing
4. [n,adj-na] [uk]
▶ malfunctioning
▶ defective
▶ losing sensation
5. [n,n-pref] [uk,sl]
▶ incredibly
▶ unusually
▶ exceptionally
6. [n,n-suf,adj-na] [uk,sl]
《usu. in compounds》
▶ fervent enthusiast
▶ nut
▶ person singularly obsessed with something
7. [n] [abbr,uk]
▶ Mactra chinensis (species of trough shell)
Cross references:
  ⇒ see: 1637040 馬鹿貝 1. Mactra chinensis (species of trough shell)



History:
27. A 2023-11-16 01:06:13  Jim Breen <...address hidden...>
  Comments:
GG5 uses smell as an example, but I don't think we need either.
  Diff:
@@ -65 +65 @@
-<gloss>malfunctioning (e.g. key, sense of smell)</gloss>
+<gloss>malfunctioning</gloss>
@@ -66,0 +67 @@
+<gloss>losing sensation</gloss>
26. A* 2023-11-15 11:44:47 
  Refs:
i agree, but virtually all kokugos use them as examples
25. A* 2023-11-15 11:32:05  Marcus Richert <...address hidden...>
  Comments:
I don't think "key" or "sense of smell" are particularly good examples for the gloss "malfunctioning".
  Diff:
@@ -65 +65 @@
-<gloss>malfunctioning (e.g. key, sense of smell, etc.)</gloss>
+<gloss>malfunctioning (e.g. key, sense of smell)</gloss>
24. A 2023-11-15 03:28:15  Jim Breen <...address hidden...>
  Refs:
馬鹿	7054362	98.9%
莫迦	77209	1.1% <- Koj, Daijr/s
破家	442	0.0%
馬稼	42	0.0%
  Comments:
Meant to do this as well.
  Diff:
@@ -13,0 +14 @@
+<ke_inf>&rK;</ke_inf>
@@ -18 +19 @@
-<ke_inf>&rK;</ke_inf>
+<ke_inf>&sK;</ke_inf>
@@ -23 +24 @@
-<ke_inf>&rK;</ke_inf>
+<ke_inf>&sK;</ke_inf>
23. A 2023-11-15 03:11:11  Jim Breen <...address hidden...>
  Comments:
Given sense 3, I don't think that adverbial one is needed. Could be fewer senses - the splitting s rather fine.
  Diff:
@@ -88,8 +87,0 @@
-<pos>&adv;</pos>
-<misc>&uk;</misc>
-<misc>&sl;</misc>
-<gloss>ridiculously</gloss>
-<gloss>unusually</gloss>
-<gloss>exceptionally</gloss>
-</sense>
-<sense>
(show/hide 22 older log entries)

View entry in alternate formats: jel | edict | jmdict xml | jmnedict xml | jmdictdb xml
jmdict 1631450 Active (id: 2283571)
講ずる [news1,nf17]
こうずる [news1,nf17]
1. [vz,vt]
▶ to take (e.g. measures)
▶ to work out (e.g. a plan)
Cross references:
  ⇔ see: 1631440 講じる 1. to take (e.g. measures); to work out (e.g. a plan)
2. [vz,vt]
▶ to lecture
▶ to read aloud
Cross references:
  ⇔ see: 1631440 講じる 2. to lecture; to read aloud
3. [vz,vt]
▶ to confer
Cross references:
  ⇔ see: 1631440 講じる 3. to confer



History:
5. A 2023-11-16 08:22:00  Jim Breen <...address hidden...>
  Comments:
Actually I don't think those xrefs are needed.
  Diff:
@@ -17,2 +16,0 @@
-<xref type="see" seq="2859209">措置を講ずる</xref>
-<xref type="see" seq="1878730">策を講ずる</xref>
4. A 2023-11-13 19:54:15  Jim Breen <...address hidden...>
3. A* 2023-11-10 18:15:29  Brian Krznarich <...address hidden...>
  Refs:
講じる	288896
講ずる	403279
措置を講ずる	273344	28.3%
  Comments:
The direct-objects appear to be essentially non-optional.

講じる is less common than 講ずる, though I guess they are both common enough that a circular reference is fine...
  Diff:
@@ -16,0 +17,2 @@
+<xref type="see" seq="2859209">措置を講ずる</xref>
+<xref type="see" seq="1878730">策を講ずる</xref>
@@ -18,2 +20,2 @@
-<gloss>to take measures</gloss>
-<gloss>to work out a plan</gloss>
+<gloss>to take (e.g. measures)</gloss>
+<gloss>to work out (e.g. a plan)</gloss>
2. A 2010-07-29 02:49:09  Rene Malenfant <...address hidden...>
1. A* 2010-07-28 13:24:34  Jean-Luc Léger <...address hidden...>
  Diff:
@@ -17,1 +17,1 @@
-<xref type="see" seq="1631440">講じる</xref>
+<xref type="see" seq="1631440">講じる・1</xref>
@@ -24,0 +24,1 @@
+<xref type="see" seq="1631440">講じる・2</xref>
@@ -30,0 +31,1 @@
+<xref type="see" seq="1631440">講じる・3</xref>

View entry in alternate formats: jel | edict | jmdict xml | jmnedict xml | jmdictdb xml
jmdict 1634390 Active (id: 2283568)
有りっ丈 [rK] 有りったけ [rK]
ありったけ
1. [adj-no,n] [uk]
▶ all (that one has)
▶ all (that there is)
▶ everything
▶ the whole
Cross references:
  ⇐ see: 2097570 有り丈【ありたけ】 1. all that one has; all that there is; the whole
  ⇐ see: 2425130 有るだけ【あるだけ】 1. all that one has; all that there is; the whole
2. [adv] [uk]
▶ as much as possible
▶ as much as one can
▶ to the utmost



History:
5. A 2023-11-16 08:16:22  Jim Breen <...address hidden...>
4. A* 2023-11-16 08:06:00  Opencooper
  Refs:
G n-grams:

有りっ丈      834  0.8% <- daijs, etc.
有りったけ     539  0.5% <- smk, etc.
ありったけ 104,839 98.7%
  Diff:
@@ -5,0 +6 @@
+<ke_inf>&rK;</ke_inf>
@@ -8,0 +10 @@
+<ke_inf>&rK;</ke_inf>
3. A 2023-02-03 06:41:43  Jim Breen <...address hidden...>
  Refs:
ありったけ	104839
ありったけの	78841
GG5, etc.
  Diff:
@@ -13,0 +14 @@
+<pos>&adj-no;</pos>
@@ -16 +17 @@
-<gloss>all (that one has)</gloss>
+<gloss>all (that one has)</gloss>
@@ -24 +25,2 @@
-<gloss>as much as possible; as much as one can</gloss>
+<gloss>as much as possible</gloss>
+<gloss>as much as one can</gloss>
2. A* 2023-01-03 09:44:10  Kyle Ong <...address hidden...>
  Refs:
デジタル大辞泉(小学館)
  Comments:
added sense
  Diff:
@@ -14 +13,0 @@
-<pos>&adv;</pos>
@@ -17,2 +16,3 @@
-<gloss>all that one has</gloss>
-<gloss>all that there is</gloss>
+<gloss>all (that one has)</gloss>
+<gloss>all (that there is)</gloss>
+<gloss>everything</gloss>
@@ -19,0 +20,6 @@
+</sense>
+<sense>
+<pos>&adv;</pos>
+<misc>&uk;</misc>
+<gloss>as much as possible; as much as one can</gloss>
+<gloss>to the utmost</gloss>
1. A 2019-07-13 10:02:26  Johan Råde <...address hidden...>
  Refs:
G n-grams:
 有りっ丈	834
 有りったけ	539
 ありったけ	104839
  Comments:
reordering
  Diff:
@@ -5 +5 @@
-<keb>有りったけ</keb>
+<keb>有りっ丈</keb>
@@ -8 +8 @@
-<keb>有りっ丈</keb>
+<keb>有りったけ</keb>

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jmdict 1686930 Active (id: 2283759)
用無し用なし
ようなし
1. [adj-no,n]
▶ unnecessary
▶ unneeded
▶ useless
▶ unwanted
2. [adj-no]
▶ having nothing to do
▶ unoccupied
▶ idle



History:
4. A 2023-11-18 10:30:13  Marcus Richert <...address hidden...>
  Refs:
daijr
また,そのような人や物。
  Diff:
@@ -14,0 +15 @@
+<pos>&n;</pos>
3. A* 2023-11-18 01:26:38  Robin Scott <...address hidden...>
  Refs:
daij, koj, luminous
  Comments:
Splitting into senses.
exp not needed here. It's a noun in the kokugos.
  Diff:
@@ -14 +13,0 @@
-<pos>&exp;</pos>
@@ -16 +15,2 @@
-<gloss>idle</gloss>
+<gloss>unnecessary</gloss>
+<gloss>unneeded</gloss>
@@ -19 +19,6 @@
-<gloss>unneeded</gloss>
+</sense>
+<sense>
+<pos>&adj-no;</pos>
+<gloss>having nothing to do</gloss>
+<gloss>unoccupied</gloss>
+<gloss>idle</gloss>
2. A 2023-11-16 00:01:16  Jim Breen <...address hidden...>
  Refs:
GG5
  Diff:
@@ -14,0 +15 @@
+<pos>&adj-no;</pos>
@@ -16,0 +18 @@
+<gloss>unwanted</gloss>
1. A* 2023-11-15 18:42:41 
  Refs:
daijirin
  Diff:
@@ -16,0 +17 @@
+<gloss>unneeded</gloss>

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jmdict 1722340 Active (id: 2283589)
味噌っかす味噌っ滓 [rK] 味噌っ粕 [sK] 味噌っ糟 [sK]
みそっかす
1. [n] [uk]
▶ miso lees
▶ miso strainings
▶ miso dregs
Cross references:
  ⇐ see: 2859263 味噌粕【みそかす】 1. miso lees; miso strainings; miso dregs
2. [n] [uk,col]
▶ worthless thing
▶ good-for-nothing
Cross references:
  ⇐ see: 2859263 味噌粕【みそかす】 2. worthless thing; good-for-nothing
3. [n] [uk,col]
▶ child who is left out of games
▶ child who is made light of
▶ child treated unequally by peers
Cross references:
  ⇐ see: 2859263 味噌粕【みそかす】 3. child who is left out of games; child who is made light of; child treated unequally by peers



History:
13. A 2023-11-16 10:49:01  Jim Breen <...address hidden...>
  Comments:
Looks fine to me. I'll align 味噌粕.
12. A* 2023-11-16 00:48:25  Stephen Kraus <...address hidden...>
  Refs:
I see shinsen also has 3 senses, but it only has an entry for みそかす.
11. A* 2023-11-16 00:39:04  Stephen Kraus <...address hidden...>
  Refs:
Most of my kokugos (smk, sankoku, daijr, obunsha) handle the "worthless" and "child" senses separately.

E.g. sankoku has the literal sense in a note and then two dedicated senses for the "worthless" and "child" meanings.

I think the "immature child or person" gloss is a misinterpretation.
I read "一人前の扱いをされない子供" as "child not treated as a full-fledged member," "child not treated equally by peers," etc.
  Diff:
@@ -32,0 +33,7 @@
+<gloss>worthless thing</gloss>
+<gloss>good-for-nothing</gloss>
+</sense>
+<sense>
+<pos>&n;</pos>
+<misc>&uk;</misc>
+<misc>&col;</misc>
@@ -35,2 +42 @@
-<gloss>immature child or person</gloss>
-<gloss>good-for-nothing</gloss>
+<gloss>child treated unequally by peers</gloss>
10. A* 2023-11-16 00:25:03  Jim Breen <...address hidden...>
  Refs:
GG5, etc. Kokugos
  Comments:
On reflection, I think that point is covered OK in sense 2. No note is needed.
The 味噌粕 entry will need adjusting if this is approved.
  Diff:
@@ -25 +24,0 @@
-<s_inf>usu. ref. to something worthless</s_inf>
@@ -33 +32 @@
-<misc>&sl;</misc>
+<misc>&col;</misc>
9. A* 2023-11-16 00:03:11  Marcus Richert <...address hidden...>
  Comments:
That's not a usage note, it's a note about meaning. It should be a gloss, probably a separate sense? I don't have time to look into it now, but want to flag it. 取り急ぎ
(show/hide 8 older log entries)

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jmdict 1728760 Active (id: 2283553)
付き添い看護婦 [news2,nf37] 付添看護婦
つきそいかんごふ [news2,nf37]
1. [n]
《now deprecated》
▶ (female) private nurse
▶ patient attendant
Cross references:
  ⇒ see: 2859233 付き添い看護師 1. attendant nurse; private nurse; patient attendant
  ⇐ see: 1495690 付き添い婦【つきそいふ】 1. (female) private nurse; patient attendant



History:
3. A 2023-11-16 05:43:36  Jim Breen <...address hidden...>
2. A* 2023-11-12 15:11:36  Brian Krznarich <...address hidden...>
  Refs:
付き添い看護婦	584	55.8%
付添看護婦	234	22.3%
付き添い看護師	126	12.0%
付添看護師	103	9.8%

https://www.ziprecruiter.com/career/Patient-Attendant/What-Is-How-to-Become
What Is the Job of a Patient Attendant?
As a patient attendant, you assist patients in a hospital, homecare settings, or wherever needed, while reporting care details to a supervisor. Your responsibilities include helping patients with basic grooming needs, dressing, and medication administration. 


https://www.jstage.jst.go.jp/article/janap/2/1/2_28/_pdf/-char/en
Nursing Services in Hospitals Following the Abolishment of the Patient Attendant System (付き添い看護を解消した)

https://twitter.com/natsukashi__/status/1458632922299510784
かつて、病院に家政婦+看護助手のような「付き添い婦」と言う職業があった。患者の清拭や着替え、おむつ交換や食事介助、おつかいなどが仕事。ずっとお世話になることが多かったので、家族は感謝していた。中には家族より偉そうにしているオバはんもいたwとはいえ、夜間も付き添うので重労働よね。
Once upon a time, there was a job called ``attendant'' in hospitals, which was a combination of housekeeper and nursing assistant. Job duties include cleaning and dressing patients, changing diapers, helping with meals, and running errands. His family was grateful to him for taking care of him all the time. There were some older women who were more bossy than their family members lol, but it was hard work because they had to accompany them at night.
  Comments:
I may have found the right gloss. I *think* 付き添い婦 and 付き添い看護婦 are the same thing.
  Diff:
@@ -7,0 +8,3 @@
+</k_ele>
+<k_ele>
+<keb>付添看護婦</keb>
@@ -18,0 +22 @@
+<gloss>patient attendant</gloss>
1. A* 2023-11-12 15:02:47  Brian Krznarich <...address hidden...>
  Comments:
see: 看護婦, and notes at new xref.  Not sure this is the best gloss.
  Diff:
@@ -16 +16,3 @@
-<gloss>private nurse</gloss>
+<xref type="see" seq="2859233">付き添い看護師</xref>
+<s_inf>now deprecated</s_inf>
+<gloss>(female) private nurse</gloss>

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jmdict 1732260 Active (id: 2283552)
鼻汁鼻じる [sK]
はなじるはなしるびじゅう
1. [n]
▶ (liquid) nasal mucus
▶ nasal discharge
▶ pituita
▶ snot



History:
3. A 2023-11-16 05:41:19  Jim Breen <...address hidden...>
2. A* 2023-11-16 03:45:00  Stephen Kraus <...address hidden...>
  Refs:
GG5 has a 医 tag on びじゅう but not on the other readings.
I don't see びじゅう in the kokugos.
I see it is in the bio-med dictionary on WWWJDIC.

〈鼻/はな/ハナ〉〈汁/じる/ジル/しる/シル〉

Google N-gram Corpus Counts
╭─ーーーー─┬────────┬───────╮
│ 鼻汁   │ 43,661 │ 96.5% │
│ はな汁  │    288 │  0.6% │
│ 鼻じる  │    139 │  0.3% │ - add, sK (seen in sankoku's entry for 提灯)
│ ハナ汁  │     72 │  0.2% │
│ 鼻ジル  │     34 │  0.1% │
│ はなじる │    778 │  1.7% │
│ はなしる │    145 │  0.3% │
│ ハナジル │    127 │  0.3% │
╰─ーーーー─┴────────┴───────╯
  Comments:
Dropping [med] tag.
  Diff:
@@ -5,0 +6,4 @@
+</k_ele>
+<k_ele>
+<keb>鼻じる</keb>
+<ke_inf>&sK;</ke_inf>
@@ -18 +21,0 @@
-<field>&med;</field>
1. A 2021-12-20 11:57:19  Marcus Richert <...address hidden...>
  Diff:
@@ -17,0 +18 @@
+<field>&med;</field>

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jmdict 1777520 Active (id: 2283674)
積み込み [news2,nf34] 積込み積込積みこみ [sK]
つみこみ [news2,nf34]
1. [n]
▶ loading (of cargo, freight, etc.)
2. [n] {mahjong}
▶ stacking the wall of tiles to one's advantage



History:
5. A 2023-11-17 06:17:53  Jim Breen <...address hidden...>
4. A* 2023-11-16 15:27:02  Stephen Kraus <...address hidden...>
  Refs:
〈積(み)/つみ/ツミ〉〈込(み)/こみ/コミ〉

Google N-gram Corpus Counts
╭─ーーーーー─┬─────────┬───────╮
│ 積み込み  │ 187,433 │ 76.0% │
│ 積込み   │  36,427 │ 14.8% │ - add
│ 積込    │  17,585 │  7.1% │ - add
│ 積みこみ  │   2,922 │  1.2% │ - add, sK
│ 積み込   │     618 │  0.3% │
│ つみ込み  │      63 │  0.0% │
│ つみこみ  │     985 │  0.4% │
│ ツミコミ  │     456 │  0.2% │
├─ーーーーー─┼─────────┼───────┤
│ 積み込みを │  24,764 │ 75.8% │
│ 積込みを  │   7,262 │ 22.2% │
│ 積込を   │     422 │  1.3% │
│ 積みこみを │     186 │  0.6% │
│ ツミコミを │      43 │  0.1% │
├─ーーーーー─┼─────────┼───────┤
│ 積み込み中 │  12,603 │ 97.7% │
│ 積込中   │     135 │  1.0% │
│ 積込み中  │     135 │  1.0% │
│ 積みこみ中 │      23 │  0.2% │
╰─ーーーーー─┴─────────┴───────╯
  Diff:
@@ -7,0 +8,10 @@
+</k_ele>
+<k_ele>
+<keb>積込み</keb>
+</k_ele>
+<k_ele>
+<keb>積込</keb>
+</k_ele>
+<k_ele>
+<keb>積みこみ</keb>
+<ke_inf>&sK;</ke_inf>
@@ -16 +26 @@
-<gloss>loading</gloss>
+<gloss>loading (of cargo, freight, etc.)</gloss>
3. A 2014-12-21 04:57:31  Rene Malenfant <...address hidden...>
  Diff:
@@ -20 +20,2 @@
-<gloss>stacking the wall of tiles to one's advantage (mahjong)</gloss>
+<field>&mahj;</field>
+<gloss>stacking the wall of tiles to one's advantage</gloss>
2. A 2012-10-11 00:16:12  Jim Breen <...address hidden...>
1. A* 2012-10-10 02:24:26  Paul Upchurch <...address hidden...>
  Refs:
http://ja.wikipedia.org/wiki/麻雀の不正行為#.E7.A9.8D.E3.81.BF.E8.BE.BC.E3.81.BF
  Diff:
@@ -18,0 +18,4 @@
+<sense>
+<pos>&n;</pos>
+<gloss>stacking the wall of tiles to one's advantage (mahjong)</gloss>
+</sense>

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jmdict 1837710 Active (id: 2284145)
立会い [spec1] 立ち会い [news1,nf18] 立会立ち合い [news1,nf11] 立合い [sK] 立合 [sK] 立ちあい [sK]
たちあい [spec1,news1,nf11,nf18]
1. [n]
▶ presence (e.g. of an observer)
▶ observation
▶ observer
▶ witness
2. [n] {stock market}
▶ trading session (at an exchange)
3. [n] {sumo}
《esp. 立ち合い》
▶ rising from a crouch to charge
▶ initial charge
▶ face-off



History:
13. A 2023-11-22 23:51:08  Stephen Kraus <...address hidden...>
  Refs:
立合	9,226  - add, sK
立ちあい	2,620  - add, sK
  Comments:
Adding [nf11] tag to reading
  Diff:
@@ -24,0 +25,8 @@
+<k_ele>
+<keb>立合</keb>
+<ke_inf>&sK;</ke_inf>
+</k_ele>
+<k_ele>
+<keb>立ちあい</keb>
+<ke_inf>&sK;</ke_inf>
+</k_ele>
@@ -27,0 +36 @@
+<re_pri>nf11</re_pri>
12. A 2023-11-22 23:43:56  Robin Scott <...address hidden...>
  Comments:
These got lost in the merge.
  Diff:
@@ -17,0 +18,2 @@
+<ke_pri>news1</ke_pri>
+<ke_pri>nf11</ke_pri>
11. A 2023-11-22 23:42:08  Robin Scott <...address hidden...>
  Refs:
立会いを	        27,672		
立ち会いを	10,628		
立会を	        5,547
  Comments:
I think 立ち会い should come before 立会.
  Diff:
@@ -9,3 +8,0 @@
-<keb>立会</keb>
-</k_ele>
-<k_ele>
@@ -14,0 +12,3 @@
+</k_ele>
+<k_ele>
+<keb>立会</keb>
10. A* 2023-11-21 00:17:17  Jim Breen <...address hidden...>
  Refs:
立会い	383637
立会	215830
立ち会い	163940
立ち合い	56557
立合い	16209
  Comments:
OK, here is a possible merge. I'll flag 1837700 for deletion.
  Diff:
@@ -17,0 +18,3 @@
+</k_ele>
+<k_ele>
+<keb>立合い</keb>
@@ -36,0 +40,8 @@
+</sense>
+<sense>
+<pos>&n;</pos>
+<field>&sumo;</field>
+<s_inf>esp. 立ち合い</s_inf>
+<gloss>rising from a crouch to charge</gloss>
+<gloss>initial charge</gloss>
+<gloss>face-off</gloss>
9. A* 2023-11-16 17:54:39  Stephen Kraus <...address hidden...>
  Comments:
Or rather than having a note on every sense, just having an "esp. 立ち合い" note on the sumo sense.
(show/hide 8 older log entries)

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jmdict 1856820 Active (id: 2283603)
跡形もなく跡形も無く
あとかたもなく
1. [exp,adv]
▶ without leaving any trace



History:
3. A 2023-11-16 14:15:11  Stephen Kraus <...address hidden...>
  Diff:
@@ -13,0 +14 @@
+<pos>&exp;</pos>
2. A 2023-11-16 11:35:21  Jim Breen <...address hidden...>
1. A* 2023-11-16 08:51:58  Opencooper
  Refs:
G n-grams:

跡形もなく   60,249 70.7%
跡形も無く   17,744 20.8%
あとかたもなく  7,035  8.3%
あとかたも無く    209  0.2%
  Diff:
@@ -5 +5 @@
-<keb>跡形も無く</keb>
+<keb>跡形もなく</keb>
@@ -8 +8 @@
-<keb>跡形もなく</keb>
+<keb>跡形も無く</keb>

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jmdict 1885660 Active (id: 2283738)
准看
じゅんかん
1. [n] [abbr]
▶ assistant nurse
▶ practical nurse
Cross references:
  ⇒ see: 2847783 准看護師 1. assistant nurse; practical nurse



History:
3. A 2023-11-18 01:15:51  Robin Scott <...address hidden...>
  Refs:
daijr, koj
  Diff:
@@ -12,0 +13 @@
+<misc>&abbr;</misc>
2. A 2023-11-16 08:35:22  Jim Breen <...address hidden...>
  Refs:
GG5
1. A* 2023-11-12 15:33:01  Brian Krznarich <...address hidden...>
  Refs:
准看護	188393	  
准看護師	155558	  
准看護婦	17260	  
准看	15283
  Diff:
@@ -11,0 +12,2 @@
+<xref type="see" seq="2847783">准看護師</xref>
+<gloss>assistant nurse</gloss>

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jmdict 1907510 Active (id: 2283526)
偏旁冠脚
へんぼうかんきゃく
1. [n] [yoji]
▶ radicals of a kanji (left, right, crown and lower)
▶ kanji components
Cross references:
  ⇒ see: 1510310 偏 1. left-hand radical of a character
  ⇒ see: 1567860 旁 1. right-hand radical of a character
  ⇒ see: 1577620 冠 3. top kanji radical
  ⇒ see: 1404630 足 5. lower radical of a kanji



History:
7. A 2023-11-16 01:07:32  Jim Breen <...address hidden...>
  Comments:
I'm OK with this.
6. A* 2023-11-15 22:08:46  Robin Scott <...address hidden...>
  Comments:
I prefer "components". I think most linguists and kanji enthusiasts would still insist on using the original, narrower sense of "radical". I've been corrected in the past for using "radical" to refer to any kanji component.
  Diff:
@@ -12,4 +12,4 @@
-<xref type="see" seq="1510310">偏・へん</xref>
-<xref type="see" seq="1567860">旁・つくり</xref>
-<xref type="see" seq="1577620">冠・かんむり・3</xref>
-<xref type="see" seq="1404630">足・あし・5</xref>
+<xref type="see" seq="1510310">偏</xref>
+<xref type="see" seq="1567860">旁</xref>
+<xref type="see" seq="1577620">冠・3</xref>
+<xref type="see" seq="1404630">足・5</xref>
5. A* 2023-11-14 21:25:35  Stephen Kraus <...address hidden...>
  Refs:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_kanji_radicals_by_frequency
"As dictionaries have moved from textbooks to interactive screens, the term "radicals" seems to now be used for any kanji component used in a visual search."
  Comments:
I'm not really fussed about calling them radicals either. The narrower sense of the word isn't as relevant in the digital age.
  Diff:
@@ -18 +18,2 @@
-<gloss>kanji components (left, right, crown and lower)</gloss>
+<gloss>radicals of a kanji (left, right, crown and lower)</gloss>
+<gloss>kanji components</gloss>
4. A* 2023-11-13 21:41:07  Stephen Kraus <...address hidden...>
  Refs:
This interesting note is in shinsen's entry for 部首:
「氵(さんずい)」や「⺾(くさかんむり)」などの偏旁冠脚(へんぼうかんきゃく)を部首というのは、本来は誤り。

In their entries for 偏旁冠脚, most of the refs refer to the components as 構成部分 rather than radicals (部首).
  shinsen:     漢字の構成部分の総称。
  daijirin:    漢字の構成部分として…
  smk yoji:    漢字を構成する部分の名称。
  gakken yoji: 漢字を構成する部分。

koj uses both "構成要素" and "部首."
  漢字の代表的な構成要素である、… 漢字の部首の総称。

Most of the refs also mention that 偏旁冠脚 can, in a broad sense of the word, refer to other structural components.
  1370860・垂れ・たれ[4] "kanji radical enclosing the top-left corner of a character"
  1279690・構え・かまえ[4] "kanji enclosure type radical (must enclose at least two sides of the kanji)"
  2175530・繞・にょう[1] "kanji radical that runs from the left to the bottom part of the kanji"
  Comments:
Strictly speaking, the components aren't necessarily radicals. But it sounds like even native speakers sometimes use them interchangeably.

It might be less confusing to refer to them as "components" or something rather than radicals.
  Diff:
@@ -18 +18 @@
-<gloss>the four radicals of a kanji (left, right, crown and lower)</gloss>
+<gloss>kanji components (left, right, crown and lower)</gloss>
3. A* 2023-11-13 02:05:23  Jim Breen <...address hidden...>
  Refs:
ルミナス: the four elements of a Chinese character; (説明的には) the left hand radical, the right hand radical, the crown and the lower part of a Chinese character.
偏旁冠脚	361
  Comments:
Maybe this works.
  Diff:
@@ -11,0 +12,4 @@
+<xref type="see" seq="1510310">偏・へん</xref>
+<xref type="see" seq="1567860">旁・つくり</xref>
+<xref type="see" seq="1577620">冠・かんむり・3</xref>
+<xref type="see" seq="1404630">足・あし・5</xref>
@@ -13 +17 @@
-<gloss>the radicals</gloss>
+<gloss>the four radicals of a kanji (left, right, crown and lower)</gloss>
(show/hide 2 older log entries)

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jmdict 1928790 Active (id: 2284103)
蕗の薹
ふきのとうフキノトウ (nokanji)
1. [exp,n] [uk]
▶ edible flower bud of a giant butterbur plant
Cross references:
  ⇒ see: 1500170 【フキ】 1. giant butterbur (Petasites japonicus); Japanese sweet coltsfoot



History:
10. A 2023-11-22 04:53:57  Jim Breen <...address hidden...>
  Comments:
Yes, we normally do this for nounのnoun constructions.
9. A* 2023-11-22 03:27:01  Syed Raza <...address hidden...>
  Comments:
I added [exp] because I've seen editors commonly do so for nounのnoun terms. Though doing a search in JMDict for entries ending in 「の木」, there are 75 results, of which 28 are tagged [exp], so maybe this isn't as established as I thought.
8. A* 2023-11-22 01:12:47  Stephen Kraus <...address hidden...>
  Refs:
Meikyo, sankoku, and shinsen have this tagged as a noun
  Comments:
Is this really an expression? I think for plant names like this that are derived from a "の" expression and are more commonly written in katakana, we normally just say they're nouns.

see 尖り笹の葉貝, 岡虎の尾, 山の芋, 山葵の木, 旅人の木, etc.
7. A 2023-11-21 06:59:26  Syed Raza <...address hidden...>
  Diff:
@@ -14,0 +15 @@
+<pos>&exp;</pos>
6. A 2023-11-16 23:59:51  Robin Scott <...address hidden...>
  Comments:
Let's do that.
  Diff:
@@ -15,0 +16 @@
+<xref type="see" seq="1500170">フキ</xref>
(show/hide 5 older log entries)

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jmdict 2110390 Active (id: 2283514)
見果てぬ夢
みはてぬゆめ
1. [n]
▶ unfulfilled dream
▶ unfinished plans
▶ impossible dream
Cross references:
  ⇒ see: 1259380 見果てる 1. to see through to the finish; to be seen to the end



History:
5. A 2023-11-16 00:06:01  Jim Breen <...address hidden...>
  Comments:
I suspect it's poetic.
4. A* 2023-11-15 19:46:03  Stephen Kraus <...address hidden...>
  Refs:
English N-gram Counts
unfulfilled dreams  7,605
unfulfilled plans     277

unfinished dreams   1,841
unfinished plans      277
  Comments:
Second guessing myself now that I've had coffee. Maybe this is better.
  Diff:
@@ -13,2 +13,2 @@
-<gloss>unfinished dream</gloss>
-<gloss>unfulfilled plans</gloss>
+<gloss>unfulfilled dream</gloss>
+<gloss>unfinished plans</gloss>
3. A* 2023-11-15 19:24:32  Stephen Kraus <...address hidden...>
  Refs:
sankoku, shinsen, obunsha, etc. have this expression.

Sankoku describes this as 計画. "unfulfilled plans" sounds a little more natural than "unfulfilled dreams."

I wasn't sure about the "impossible" gloss, but I see daijirin has "また、実現不可能な事柄のたとえ。"
  Diff:
@@ -14 +14 @@
-<gloss>unfulfilled dream</gloss>
+<gloss>unfulfilled plans</gloss>
2. A* 2023-11-15 14:40:08 
  Diff:
@@ -13 +12,0 @@
-<misc>&arch;</misc>
1. A 2006-12-04 00:00:00 
  Comments:
Entry created

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jmdict 2115280 Active (id: 2284184)
熊公八公
くまこうはちこう
1. [n]
▶ uncultured but well-intentioned person
▶ your average nice guy
▶ Joe Blow
▶ Joe Bloggs
Cross references:
  ⇒ see: 2114640 熊さん八っつあん 1. the average Joe; the man in the street



History:
8. A 2023-11-23 22:46:36  Jim Breen <...address hidden...>
  Comments:
Quiet. Closing.
7. A* 2023-11-16 09:36:38  Jim Breen <...address hidden...>
  Comments:
One more try
  Diff:
@@ -13 +13 @@
-<gloss>the average person</gloss>
+<gloss>uncultured but well-intentioned person</gloss>
6. A* 2023-11-10 01:12:03  Marcus Richert <...address hidden...>
  Comments:
It's a pretty rare expression and the definition 無教養ではあるが善意の庶民をいう称。 seems more precise than "average person" /Joe Blow/Bloggs to me.
5. A 2023-11-09 07:06:23  Jim Breen <...address hidden...>
  Refs:
GG5: 	the average person; your average nice guy; 《米》Joe Blow [《英》Joe Bloggs].
  Comments:
"average Joe" works OK for me. It's quite idiomatic English for this meaning. OTOH switching to GG5's version is not a problem.
  Diff:
@@ -12 +12,2 @@
-<gloss>the average Joe</gloss>
+<xref type="see" seq="2114640">熊さん八っつあん</xref>
+<gloss>the average person</gloss>
4. A* 2023-11-09 06:06:57  Marcus Richert <...address hidden...>
  Refs:
daijs
くまこう‐はちこう【熊公八公】 の解説
《落語などに出てくる庶民を代表する二人の名から》無教養ではあるが善意の庶民をいう称。熊さん八つぁん。

I don't think "average Joe" is an appropriate translation here.
  Diff:
@@ -12 +11,0 @@
-<xref type="see" seq="2114640">熊さん八っつあん</xref>
(show/hide 3 older log entries)

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jmdict 2175690 Active (id: 2283529)
寸旁
すんづくり
1. [n]
▶ kanji sun ("inch") radical at right (radical 41)



History:
3. A 2023-11-16 01:10:58  Jim Breen <...address hidden...>
  Comments:
OK
2. A* 2023-11-13 23:41:45  Stephen Kraus <...address hidden...>
  Refs:
By analogy with the other 6 〜旁 entries in jmdict, I think the kanji form here would be 寸旁

Google N-gram Corpus Counts
╭─ーー─┬───╮
│ 寸旁 │ 0 │
│ 彡旁 │ 0 │
│ 戈旁 │ 0 │
│ 斧旁 │ 0 │
│ 殳旁 │ 0 │
│ 節旁 │ 0 │
│ 聿旁 │ 0 │
╰─ーー─┴───╯
  Diff:
@@ -3,0 +4,3 @@
+<k_ele>
+<keb>寸旁</keb>
+</k_ele>
1. A 2007-05-30 00:00:00 
  Comments:
Entry created

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jmdict 2195940 Active (id: 2283573)
とんがり帽子尖り帽子 [rK]
とんがりぼうし
1. [n]
▶ pointy hat
▶ cone-shaped hat
▶ pixie hat



History:
3. A 2023-11-16 08:23:42  Jim Breen <...address hidden...>
2. A* 2023-11-16 08:16:53  Opencooper
  Refs:
prog; genius

とんがり帽子  44,376 90.7% <- chuujiten
尖り帽子       163  0.3% <- daijr, etc.
とんがりぼうし  4,396  9.0%
  Diff:
@@ -8,0 +9 @@
+<ke_inf>&rK;</ke_inf>
@@ -15,0 +17,2 @@
+<gloss>cone-shaped hat</gloss>
+<gloss>pixie hat</gloss>
1. A 2007-08-15 00:00:00 
  Comments:
Entry created

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jmdict 2407470 Active (id: 2283597)
犎牛
ほうぎゅう
1. [n] [rare]
▶ zebu
▶ humped cattle
Cross references:
  ⇒ see: 2501370 ゼブ 1. zebu (Bos taurus indicus)



History:
4. A 2023-11-16 12:28:49  Robin Scott <...address hidden...>
  Comments:
Aligning with コブウシ.
  Diff:
@@ -14 +14,2 @@
-<gloss>zebu (cattle breed)</gloss>
+<gloss>zebu</gloss>
+<gloss>humped cattle</gloss>
3. A 2023-11-14 23:48:52  Jim Breen <...address hidden...>
  Refs:
新英和大辞典 (zebu): 【動物】 コブウシ, ホウギュウ (Bos indicus) ...
2. A* 2023-11-14 00:47:24  Marcus Richert <...address hidden...>
  Refs:
daijr
No initial match for 犎牛
ホウギュウ	0	0.0%
犎牛	0	0.0%
  Diff:
@@ -3,0 +4,3 @@
+<k_ele>
+<keb>犎牛</keb>
+</k_ele>
@@ -5 +8 @@
-<reb>ホウギュウ</reb>
+<reb>ほうぎゅう</reb>
@@ -9 +12,3 @@
-<gloss>zebu</gloss>
+<xref type="see" seq="2501370">ゼブ</xref>
+<misc>&rare;</misc>
+<gloss>zebu (cattle breed)</gloss>
1. A 2008-09-23 00:00:00 
  Comments:
Entry created

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jmdict 2407480 Active (id: 2283545)
瘤牛
こぶうしコブウシ (nokanji)
1. [n] [rare]
▶ zebu
▶ humped cattle
Cross references:
  ⇒ see: 2501370 ゼブ 1. zebu (Bos taurus indicus)



History:
7. A 2023-11-16 03:06:09  Jim Breen <...address hidden...>
  Comments:
OK
6. A* 2023-11-16 02:43:11  Robin Scott <...address hidden...>
  Refs:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zebu
  Comments:
Our ゼブ entry treats it as a subspecies (Bos taurus indicus) so I don't think "breed" is the right word.
GG5 and Wikipedia both have "humped cattle".
  Diff:
@@ -18 +18,2 @@
-<gloss>zebu (cattle breed)</gloss>
+<gloss>zebu</gloss>
+<gloss>humped cattle</gloss>
5. A* 2023-11-14 02:31:14  Marcus Richert <...address hidden...>
  Comments:
We don't usually include Latin names for [rare] 別名
  Diff:
@@ -18 +18 @@
-<gloss>zebu (Bos taurus indicus) (cattle breed)</gloss>
+<gloss>zebu (cattle breed)</gloss>
4. A 2023-11-14 02:16:06  Jim Breen <...address hidden...>
  Refs:
GG5: 〔インド原産のウシ〕 a humped cattle; a (dwarf) zebu; Bos taurus indicus.
新英和大辞典 (zebu): コブウシ, ホウギュウ (Bos indicus) 《インド・東南アジア・アフリカなどの産で, 肩に大隆肉がある家畜のウシ》.
  Diff:
@@ -18 +18 @@
-<gloss>zebu (cattle breed)</gloss>
+<gloss>zebu (Bos taurus indicus) (cattle breed)</gloss>
3. A 2023-11-14 00:48:29  Marcus Richert <...address hidden...>
  Refs:
瘤牛	90	2.7%
コブウシ	261	7.9%
ゼブ	2757	83.4%
ゼブ牛	198	6.0%
  Diff:
@@ -16,2 +16,2 @@
-<xref type="see" seq="2407470">ホウギュウ</xref>
-<misc>&uk;</misc>
+<xref type="see" seq="2501370">ゼブ</xref>
+<misc>&rare;</misc>
(show/hide 2 older log entries)

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jmdict 2429270 Active (id: 2283592)

どっきりカメラドッキリカメラ
1. [n]
▶ candid-camera
▶ candid-camera footage



History:
5. A 2023-11-16 11:34:54  Jim Breen <...address hidden...>
4. A* 2023-11-16 08:26:29  Opencooper
  Refs:
G n-grams:

どっきりカメラ 6,686 55.9%
ドッキリカメラ 5,264 44.1%
  Diff:
@@ -5,0 +6,3 @@
+</r_ele>
+<r_ele>
+<reb>ドッキリカメラ</reb>
3. A 2019-07-08 20:13:01  Jim Breen <...address hidden...>
2. A* 2019-07-08 19:37:35  Nikolai Vavilov <...address hidden...>
  Comments:
びっくりカメラ isn't used.
  Diff:
@@ -6,3 +5,0 @@
-</r_ele>
-<r_ele>
-<reb>びっくりカメラ</reb>
1. A 2009-02-17 00:00:00 
  Comments:
Entry created

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jmdict 2516910 Rejected (id: 2283745)

ケタケタけたけた
1. [adv,adv-to] [on-mim]
《oft. to make fun of someone》
▶ laughing wildly (with a shrill voice)
▶ cackling

History:
8. R 2023-11-18 01:53:04  Stephen Kraus <...address hidden...>
  Comments:
Forked entry.
7. A* 2023-11-18 01:51:50 
  Refs:
https://yourei.jp/ケタケタ
  Comments:
forgot to re-add the note
yourei has some examples where someone is made fun of. either way i don't think it hurts to have
6. A 2023-11-16 00:54:05  Jim Breen <...address hidden...>
5. A* 2023-11-15 18:18:23 
  Refs:
sankoku, daijr/s, smk, meikyo, shinkoku

Google N-gram Corpus Counts
╭─ーーーー─┬────────┬───────╮
│ けたけた │  3,852 │  8.5% │
│ ケタケタ │ 41,604 │ 91.5% │
╰─ーーーー─┴────────┴───────╯
  Diff:
@@ -3,0 +4,3 @@
+<r_ele>
+<reb>ケタケタ</reb>
+</r_ele>
@@ -11 +14,2 @@
-<gloss>laughing foolishly</gloss>
+<s_inf>oft. to make fun of someone</s_inf>
+<gloss>laughing wildly (with a shrill voice)</gloss>
4. A 2017-09-17 06:36:01  Johan Råde <...address hidden...>
  Refs:
daijs
  Diff:
@@ -8,0 +9 @@
+<pos>&adv-to;</pos>
(show/hide 3 older log entries)

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jmdict 2516910 Active (id: 2283805)

ケタケタけたけた
1. [adv,adv-to] [on-mim]
▶ with a loud, shrill laugh
▶ with a cackle
▶ (laughing) wildly



History:
15. A 2023-11-18 22:56:44  Stephen Kraus <...address hidden...>
  Refs:
https://tatoeba.org/en/contact
https://groups.google.com/g/edict-jmdict/
https://github.com/JMdictProject/JMdictIssues/issues
  Comments:
I suggest discussing it with the Tatoeba team via their website, their email, or their XMPP chatroom.

We don't want to clutter the comment history of this entry with unrelated discussions. Please address further comments on this topic (that are unrelated directly to ケタケタ) to the jmdict mailing list or github issues forum.
14. A* 2023-11-18 22:13:20 
  Comments:
I don't think it forbids them. The rules just say to don't use machine translated sentences. 
The ones produced by AI chatbots are not translated, and they are pretty natural and certainly grammatically correct.
13. A 2023-11-18 06:10:23  Stephen Kraus <...address hidden...>
  Comments:
I don't believe Tatoeba accepts machine generated sentences.
For non-native speakers, ideally a new sentence contribution should be sourced from a text in the public domain.
12. A* 2023-11-18 05:13:31 
  Refs:
generated from google bard

彼は、彼女の話を聞いて、ケタケタ笑った。
先生は、生徒の間違った答えを聞いて、ケタケタ笑った。
上司は、部下の失敗を聞いて、ケタケタ笑った。
同級生たちは、いじめの対象の子を聞いて、ケタケタ笑った。
11. A 2023-11-18 04:58:33  Stephen Kraus <...address hidden...>
  Comments:
Shinsen kokugo is the only one that emphasizes disparagement.
I think this kind of secondary information is better conveyed through the example sentences. Unfortunately I don't see any sentences with this word on Tatoeba. Maybe if someone can find a good one from a public domain source like Aozora Bunko, we can add it and index it.
(show/hide 10 older log entries)

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jmdict 2672120 Active (id: 2283572)
措置を講じる
そちをこうじる
1. [exp,v1]
▶ to take measures
▶ to take steps
▶ to take action
▶ to make a move
Cross references:
  ⇒ see: 2859209 措置を講ずる 1. to take measures; to take steps; to take action; to make a move
  ⇐ see: 1631440 講じる【こうじる】 1. to take (e.g. measures); to work out (e.g. a plan)

Conjugations


History:
4. A 2023-11-16 08:22:26  Jim Breen <...address hidden...>
3. A* 2023-11-10 18:10:22  Brian Krznarich <...address hidden...>
  Refs:
措置を講じる	92912	25.4%
措置を講ずる	273344	74.6%
  Diff:
@@ -12,0 +13 @@
+<xref type="see" seq="2859209">措置を講ずる</xref>
2. A 2011-12-23 10:53:59  Jim Breen <...address hidden...>
  Diff:
@@ -13,4 +13,4 @@
-<gloss>take measures</gloss>
-<gloss>take steps</gloss>
-<gloss>take action</gloss>
-<gloss>make a move</gloss>
+<gloss>to take measures</gloss>
+<gloss>to take steps</gloss>
+<gloss>to take action</gloss>
+<gloss>to make a move</gloss>
1. A* 2011-12-23 06:09:47  Nils Roland Barth <...address hidden...>
  Refs:
英辞郎
20,000,000 hits
  Comments:
*V.* common phrase.
Same article.

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jmdict 2834368 Active (id: 2284313)
神戸牛
こうべぎゅうこうべうし
1. [n]
《esp. 〜ぎゅう》
▶ Kobe beef
Cross references:
  ⇐ see: 2619030 神戸ビーフ【こうべビーフ】 1. Kobe beef
2. [n]
《esp. 〜うし》
▶ Kobe cattle



History:
13. A 2023-11-26 03:51:12  Jim Breen <...address hidden...>
  Comments:
No reaction. Closing.
12. A* 2023-11-21 01:02:40  Jim Breen <...address hidden...>
11. A 2023-11-21 01:02:26  Jim Breen <...address hidden...>
  Comments:
OK, I'll bite the bullet and propose we go for two senses with notes about the readings. I'll approve and reopen it to flag it for a while. I'll adjust the Tajima one.
  Diff:
@@ -14,0 +15 @@
+<s_inf>esp. 〜ぎゅう</s_inf>
@@ -15,0 +17,5 @@
+</sense>
+<sense>
+<pos>&n;</pos>
+<s_inf>esp. 〜うし</s_inf>
+<gloss>Kobe cattle</gloss>
10. A* 2023-11-18 21:22:24  Robin Scott <...address hidden...>
  Comments:
I think we'd be expanding the scope of [food] if we added it to those terms. If I'm not mistaken, it's currently restricted to cooking terminology and names of dishes. We don't tag words like ご飯, 砂糖 or 小麦粉 as [food], even though they're not used in any other contexts.
9. A* 2023-11-18 05:53:57  Marcus Richert <...address hidden...>
  Refs:
beef
the flesh of a cow, bull, or ox, used as food.

I don't think there's anything wrong tagging "beef" or various -肉 entries as [food]. Meats could be considered "raw ingredients", sure, but they are particularly cut and prepared from animal flesh to be used as food. Nobody uses words like 鶏肉 or 鶏肉 to talk about the flesh of chicken outside their use as food.
(show/hide 8 older log entries)

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jmdict 2846942 Active (id: 2283596)
ヌタ場ぬた場沼田場
ぬたば
1. [n]
▶ mud bath (e.g. for pigs)
▶ mud pit



History:
5. A 2023-11-16 12:26:17  Robin Scott <...address hidden...>
  Comments:
I don't think the x-ref is needed.
  Diff:
@@ -18 +17,0 @@
-<xref type="see" seq="1628100">沼田</xref>
4. A 2023-11-12 11:20:35  Marcus Richert <...address hidden...>
  Diff:
@@ -14,4 +13,0 @@
-<reb>ヌタば</reb>
-<re_restr>ヌタ場</re_restr>
-</r_ele>
-<r_ele>
@@ -19,2 +14,0 @@
-<re_restr>ぬた場</re_restr>
-<re_restr>沼田場</re_restr>
3. A 2020-10-07 23:02:26  Jim Breen <...address hidden...>
  Comments:
Just noting that 蒐場/ぬたば is a surname. Probably nothing to do with this entrry.
2. A 2020-10-07 20:42:48  Jim Breen <...address hidden...>
  Refs:
沼田場	89
ぬたば	140
ぬた場	798 <- GG5
ヌタ場	2347 <- RW
ヌタば	< 20
  Diff:
@@ -3,0 +4,6 @@
+<k_ele>
+<keb>ヌタ場</keb>
+</k_ele>
+<k_ele>
+<keb>ぬた場</keb>
+</k_ele>
@@ -7,0 +14,4 @@
+<reb>ヌタば</reb>
+<re_restr>ヌタ場</re_restr>
+</r_ele>
+<r_ele>
@@ -8,0 +19,2 @@
+<re_restr>ぬた場</re_restr>
+<re_restr>沼田場</re_restr>
@@ -12 +24,2 @@
-<gloss>mud bath (for boar, pigs)</gloss>
+<xref type="see" seq="1628100">沼田</xref>
+<gloss>mud bath (e.g. for pigs)</gloss>
1. A* 2020-10-06 12:29:47 
  Refs:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YU1wck89hHA&t=8m30s
https://dictionary.goo.ne.jp/word/沼田場/
https://ja.wikipedia.org/wiki/沼田場
gg5
  Comments:
There are some sources on the internet that write it as 蒐場 but I don't think that's correct. 蒐 is an old 
kanji for atsumeru (to collect, gather). The etymology of nuta seems to be related to numa(ta). There's also 
nutaunagi ぬたうなぎ【沼田鰻】 which is a type of hagfish. Fun fact: the act of splashing in a mud pit is 
called nutautsu (already an entry) which is the origin (or is the sibling of) notautsu (!). This was a new 
revelation to me ;)

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jmdict 2849575 Active (id: 2283519)

ばえるバエる
1. [v1,vi] [col]
《from インスタ映え》
▶ to look attractive
▶ to look nice
Cross references:
  ⇒ see: 2833081 インスタ映え 1. being Instagrammable; looking good on Instagram
  ⇒ see: 1600620 映える 2. to look attractive; to look nice; to be set off (by)

Conjugations


History:
3. A 2023-11-16 00:51:07  Robin Scott <...address hidden...>
  Diff:
@@ -14 +14,2 @@
-<xref type="see" seq="1600620">映える・はえる・2</xref>
+<xref type="see" seq="1600620">映える・2</xref>
+<misc>&col;</misc>
2. A 2021-06-22 10:39:43  Jim Breen <...address hidden...>
  Comments:
Quiet. Closing.
1. A* 2021-06-17 06:39:02  Jim Breen <...address hidden...>
  Comments:
Proposed split from 1600620. See comments there.

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jmdict 2859049 Active (id: 2283675)
積み込み場積込場
つみこみば
1. [n]
▶ (freight) loading area



History:
4. A 2023-11-17 06:18:35  Jim Breen <...address hidden...>
  Comments:
May as well have this one.
3. A* 2023-11-16 15:30:22  Stephen Kraus <...address hidden...>
  Refs:
My IME also likes -ば.

https://anirepo.exblog.jp/22624362/
  「 積込場 ( つみこみば ) 」
  Comments:
I think it might be enough to just add some extra kanji forms and details to our entry for 積み込み. I proposed some changes.
  Diff:
@@ -11 +11 @@
-<reb>つみこみじょう</reb>
+<reb>つみこみば</reb>
2. A* 2023-11-16 08:47:21  Jim Breen <...address hidden...>
  Refs:
積み込み場	217	54.2%
積込場	183	45.8%
  Comments:
Needed? I suspect the reading might be つみこみば. THat's what MeCab and GT say.
  Diff:
@@ -3,0 +4,3 @@
+<k_ele>
+<keb>積み込み場</keb>
+</k_ele>
1. A* 2023-10-16 05:47:09  Nicolas Maia
  Refs:
https://www.city.koriyama.lg.jp/soshiki/54/53386.html
  Comments:
Saw it outside. Reading is presumed.

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jmdict 2859093 Active (id: 2283578)
聖心
せいしんひじりごころみこころ
1. [n] {Christianity}
▶ Sacred Heart



History:
4. A 2023-11-16 08:50:52  Jim Breen <...address hidden...>
  Comments:
OK, I guess. Usually in capitals in Christian contexts.
  Diff:
@@ -19,2 +19 @@
-<gloss>sacred heart</gloss>
-<gloss>cor Jesu</gloss>
+<gloss>Sacred Heart</gloss>
3. A* 2023-10-23 10:22:02  Nicolas Maia
  Refs:
https://kotobank.jp/word/聖心-86015
Wiki
  Diff:
@@ -9,0 +10,6 @@
+<r_ele>
+<reb>ひじりごころ</reb>
+</r_ele>
+<r_ele>
+<reb>みこころ</reb>
+</r_ele>
@@ -13,0 +20 @@
+<gloss>cor Jesu</gloss>
2. A* 2023-10-23 09:41:49  Jim Breen <...address hidden...>
  Comments:
Is the term actually used in Japanese Christianity? The quoted ref is for place/given names. The kokugos only have 聖心女子大学. etc.  The n-grams are most likely from names.
1. A* 2023-10-22 11:08:37  Nicolas Maia
  Refs:
https://ejje.weblio.jp/content/聖心
  Comments:
聖心	71206

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jmdict 2859121 Active (id: 2283673)
補用
ほよう
1. [n]
▶ replacement
▶ spare
▶ extra



History:
4. A 2023-11-17 06:17:21  Jim Breen <...address hidden...>
3. A* 2023-11-16 16:30:25  Stephen Kraus <...address hidden...>
  Refs:
daijirin 4e:
  完成品の補修に用いること。また、そのもの。「━機」「━部分」

Google N-gram Corpus Counts
╭─ーーーーーー─┬───────╮
│ 補用品    │ 1,752 │
│ 補用     │ 1,301 │
│ 補用部品   │   580 │
│ 補用機    │   250 │
│ 補用として  │    38 │
│ 補用工具   │    37 │
│ 補用機器   │    29 │
│ 補用パーツ  │    26 │
│ 補用軍事基地 │    26 │
╰─ーーーーーー─┴───────╯
  Comments:
Sounds like it might be an abbreviated form of 補修用品.
  Diff:
@@ -12 +12,3 @@
-<gloss>supplementary use</gloss>
+<gloss>replacement</gloss>
+<gloss>spare</gloss>
+<gloss>extra</gloss>
2. A* 2023-11-16 11:46:21  Jim Breen <...address hidden...>
  Refs:
補用品	1752 < Eijiro, Reverso
補用	1301
補用部品	580 < various glossaries.
  Comments:
補用品 parses as 補+用品 which is why it has higher n-grams than 補用 (補+用).
補用部品 is 補+用+部品.
Not sure 補用 should be an entry. 補用品 is probably a better prospect.
1. A* 2023-10-26 10:08:07 
  Comments:
補用品 = spare part

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jmdict 2859209 Active (id: 2283570)
措置を講ずる
そちをこうずる
1. [exp,vz]
▶ to take measures
▶ to take steps
▶ to take action
▶ to make a move
Cross references:
  ⇐ see: 2672120 措置を講じる【そちをこうじる】 1. to take measures; to take steps; to take action; to make a move



History:
2. A 2023-11-16 08:20:42  Jim Breen <...address hidden...>
1. A* 2023-11-10 18:10:10  Brian Krznarich <...address hidden...>
  Refs:
措置を講じる	92912	25.4%
措置を講ずる	273344	74.6%

This one collocation is a huge chunk of this verb (almost 70%):
講じる	288896	41.7%
講ずる	403279	58.3%
  Comments:
See: 措置を講じる

I need this to harmonize with the less-common 措置を講じる entry we already have, and as a ref for 講ずる itself.

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jmdict 2859218 Active (id: 2283551)
直進車
ちょくしんしゃ
1. [n]
▶ through traffic
▶ straight-travelling vehicle



History:
2. A 2023-11-16 04:10:34  Jim Breen <...address hidden...>
  Refs:
Eijiro: 直進車は左レーンに移行せよ;《掲》 : THROUGH TRAFFIC. MERGE LEFT
  Diff:
@@ -11,0 +12 @@
+<gloss>through traffic</gloss>
@@ -13 +13,0 @@
-<gloss>through traffic</gloss>
1. A* 2023-11-11 01:01:24  Marcus Richert <...address hidden...>
  Refs:
進車	16767	97.1%
対向直進車	500	2.9% ← saw on road signage
  Comments:
useful?

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jmdict 2859219 Active (id: 2283587)
白玲
はくれい
1. [n] {shogi}
▶ Hakurei (one of the eight major professional female titles of shogi)



History:
3. A 2023-11-16 10:14:51  Jim Breen <...address hidden...>
2. A* 2023-11-12 02:53:37  matsugase <...address hidden...>
  Refs:
https://www.shogi.or.jp/match/hakurei/
  Comments:
This and the Seirei title are both women's titles of the Japanese Shogi Association.
1. A* 2023-11-11 15:36:58  matsugase <...address hidden...>

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jmdict 2859233 Active (id: 2283555)
付き添い看護師付添看護師
つきそいかんごし
1. [n]
▶ attendant nurse
▶ private nurse
▶ patient attendant
Cross references:
  ⇐ see: 1728760 付き添い看護婦【つきそいかんごふ】 1. (female) private nurse; patient attendant



History:
3. A 2023-11-16 05:52:01  Jim Breen <...address hidden...>
  Refs:
Eij
  Comments:
Not sure it's needed. A+B.
  Diff:
@@ -14,0 +15 @@
+<gloss>attendant nurse</gloss>
2. A* 2023-11-12 15:12:49  Brian Krznarich <...address hidden...>
  Refs:
付き添い看護婦	584	55.8%
付添看護婦	234	22.3%
付き添い看護師	126	12.0%
付添看護師	103	9.8%
  Comments:
See comments on gloss at 付き添い看護婦.
  Diff:
@@ -5,0 +6,3 @@
+</k_ele>
+<k_ele>
+<keb>付添看護師</keb>
@@ -12,0 +16 @@
+<gloss>patient attendant</gloss>
1. A* 2023-11-12 15:00:57  Brian Krznarich <...address hidden...>
  Refs:
付き添い看護
https://homonkango.net/glossary/ta_row/tsukisoikango.html

付き添い看護	2167	  
付き添い看護婦	584	  
付き添い看護に	198	  
付き添い看護の	188	  
付き添い看護を	174	  
付き添い看護は	146	  
付き添い看護師	126	<--- here it is

https://www.city.fujisawa.kanagawa.jp/kyouiku/kangoshibosyuu.html
八ヶ岳野外体験教室・付き添い看護師の募集
学校利用時の付き添い看護師を募集します!

学校利用時の付き添い看護師を募集します!
藤沢市立小・中・特別支援学校が藤沢市八ヶ岳野外体験教室を利用する移動教室において、児童生徒の健康及び安全を確保するために、付き添い看護師を募集します。
  Comments:
付き添い看護 itself might have a legitimate gloss as "private nursing (care)".

付き添い看護師 loses on the ngrams, but search results suggests 付き添い看護師 is still more common in modern usage.

(see: 看護婦)

I'm not quite sure about "private nurse".  Seems to be a nurse who can travel with the person (or people) under their care.  I'm not sure if there is an English word for this though.  Everything I've read suggests something to this effect, but see in particular the Fujisawa gov. ref:

google trans: 
"We are looking for a nurse( to accompany the school!(付き添い看護師)
Fujisawa City Elementary, Junior High, and Special Needs Schools is looking for an attendant nurse to ensure the health and safety of the students in the mobile classroom that uses the Fujisawa City Yatsugatake Outdoor Experience Classroom."

I googled "attendant nurse" which is a literal translation of "付き添い", but this doesn't seem to be a "thing" in English either.

View entry in alternate formats: jel | edict | jmdict xml | jmnedict xml | jmdictdb xml
jmdict 2859257 Active (id: 2283835)
有れ [rK] 在れ [rK]
あれ
1. [exp] [uk,dated]
《imperative form of ある》
▶ let there be ...
▶ may it be ...
2. [aux] [uk,dated]
《after a verb stem or verbal noun prefixed with the honorific 御》
▶ please do ...
Cross references:
  ⇒ see: 2859247 お試しあれ 1. give it a try!



History:
10. A 2023-11-19 02:40:21  Robin Scott <...address hidden...>
  Comments:
This is probably the best option.
9. A* 2023-11-18 03:37:40  Stephen Kraus <...address hidden...>
  Comments:
My reasoning for the second sense was that ある is acting as an auxiliary verb (attaching to a noun or stem), but since it's an inflected form and not the dictionary form we would just use [aux] instead of [aux-v].

I wasn't sure about the first sense. I was reluctant about [exp] because we're not defining it as an independent clause (although I guess in principle it could function as one). But now I see we're using [exp] for other imperative verb inflections (でありなさい, ください, なさいませ) that aren't independent clauses either.
  Diff:
@@ -16 +16 @@
-<pos>&aux;</pos>
+<pos>&exp;</pos>
8. A* 2023-11-18 01:47:48  Robin Scott <...address hidden...>
  Comments:
I'm not sure about aux. I wasn't aware we were still using it. I don't even remember what it's for.
7. A 2023-11-17 06:29:15  Jim Breen <...address hidden...>
  Comments:
Let's go with that. Seems to cover the important points.
6. A* 2023-11-17 02:18:53  Stephen Kraus <...address hidden...>
  Refs:
╭─ーーーーーー─┬────────╮
│ 光あれ    │ 17,009 │
│ と共にあれ  │  2,482 │
│ とともにあれ │  2,257 │
╰─ーーーーーー─┴────────╯
  Comments:
Sounds like a good idea to me. Maybe this works.

I think "be" and "have" can be dropped from the second sense. Like I said, the refs describe it as "なさる" and "て下さい"
  Diff:
@@ -16,0 +17,8 @@
+<misc>&uk;</misc>
+<misc>&dated;</misc>
+<s_inf>imperative form of ある</s_inf>
+<gloss>let there be ...</gloss>
+<gloss>may it be ...</gloss>
+</sense>
+<sense>
+<pos>&aux;</pos>
@@ -22,2 +29,0 @@
-<gloss>please be ...</gloss>
-<gloss>please have ...</gloss>
(show/hide 5 older log entries)

View entry in alternate formats: jel | edict | jmdict xml | jmnedict xml | jmdictdb xml
jmdict 2859259 Active (id: 2283588)
広将棋廣将棋広象棋廣象棋
こうしょうぎ
1. [n]
▶ kō shogi (large-board variant of shogi)



History:
2. A 2023-11-16 10:24:33  Jim Breen <...address hidden...>
  Refs:
広将棋	38	14.7%
広象棋	124	48.1%
廣象棋	32	12.4%
廣将棋	64	24.8%
  Comments:
Interesting that 将棋, which gets 99.5% of the shogi n-grams, rather trails here.
Not sure of those kanji tags.
  Diff:
@@ -7,0 +8,3 @@
+<keb>廣将棋</keb>
+</k_ele>
+<k_ele>
@@ -9 +11,0 @@
-<ke_inf>&rK;</ke_inf>
@@ -13 +14,0 @@
-<ke_inf>&oK;</ke_inf>
@@ -20 +21 @@
-<gloss>Ko shogi (large-board variant of shogi)</gloss>
+<gloss>kō shogi (large-board variant of shogi)</gloss>
1. A* 2023-11-15 05:23:22  matsugase <...address hidden...>
  Refs:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ko_shogi

View entry in alternate formats: jel | edict | jmdict xml | jmnedict xml | jmdictdb xml
jmdict 2859263 Active (id: 2283604)
味噌粕味噌糟 [rK] 味噌滓 [rK] みそ滓 [sK]
みそかす
1. [n]
▶ miso lees
▶ miso strainings
▶ miso dregs
Cross references:
  ⇒ see: 1722340 味噌っかす 1. miso lees; miso strainings; miso dregs
2. [n]
▶ worthless thing
▶ good-for-nothing
Cross references:
  ⇒ see: 1722340 味噌っかす 2. worthless thing; good-for-nothing
3. [n]
▶ child who is left out of games
▶ child who is made light of
▶ child treated unequally by peers
Cross references:
  ⇒ see: 1722340 味噌っかす 3. child who is left out of games; child who is made light of; child treated unequally by peers



History:
4. A 2023-11-16 14:23:36  Stephen Kraus <...address hidden...>
  Refs:
Daijirin has both 味噌糟 and 味噌滓. Shinsen also has the latter.
  Comments:
[sK] -> [rK]
  Diff:
@@ -13 +13 @@
-<ke_inf>&sK;</ke_inf>
+<ke_inf>&rK;</ke_inf>
3. A 2023-11-16 10:51:22  Jim Breen <...address hidden...>
  Comments:
Aligning.
  Diff:
@@ -25 +24,0 @@
-<s_inf>usu. ref. to something worthless</s_inf>
@@ -33 +32,6 @@
-<misc>&sl;</misc>
+<gloss>worthless thing</gloss>
+<gloss>good-for-nothing</gloss>
+</sense>
+<sense>
+<pos>&n;</pos>
+<xref type="see" seq="1722340">味噌っかす・3</xref>
@@ -36,2 +40 @@
-<gloss>immature child or person</gloss>
-<gloss>good-for-nothing</gloss>
+<gloss>child treated unequally by peers</gloss>
2. A 2023-11-15 22:39:12  Jim Breen <...address hidden...>
  Comments:
Trimming
  Diff:
@@ -24 +24,4 @@
-<s_inf>usu. in reference to something worthless</s_inf>
+<xref type="see" seq="1722340">味噌っかす・1</xref>
+<xref type="see" seq="1722340">味噌っかす・1</xref>
+<xref type="see" seq="1722340">味噌っかす・1</xref>
+<s_inf>usu. ref. to something worthless</s_inf>
@@ -31,3 +34,3 @@
-<xref type="see" seq="1722340">味噌っかす</xref>
-<xref type="see" seq="1722340">味噌っかす</xref>
-<xref type="see" seq="1722340">味噌っかす</xref>
+<xref type="see" seq="1722340">味噌っかす・2</xref>
+<xref type="see" seq="1722340">味噌っかす・2</xref>
+<xref type="see" seq="1722340">味噌っかす・2</xref>
1. A* 2023-11-15 16:04:12 
  Refs:
daijr, smk, shinkoku, nikk

Google N-gram Corpus Counts
╭─ーーーー─┬───────┬───────╮
│ みそかす │   333 │ 19.0% │
│ 味噌滓  │     0 │  0.0% │
│ 味噌糟  │    47 │  2.7% │
│ みそ滓  │     0 │  0.0% │
│ 味噌粕  │ 1,370 │ 78.3% │
╰─ーーーー─┴───────┴───────╯
  Comments:
see entry 1722340

View entry in alternate formats: jel | edict | jmdict xml | jmnedict xml | jmdictdb xml
jmdict 2859264 Active (id: 2285348)
惚れた弱み惚れた弱味
ほれたよわみ
1. [exp,n]
▶ being a slave of love



History:
7. A 2023-12-08 00:50:52  Jim Breen <...address hidden...>
  Refs:
ChatGPT: "Even if you think of that person as a weakness born out of love, hang in there a little longer."
  Comments:
I think it's fine. I had no problem with the meaning.
6. A* 2023-12-07 15:51:26 
  Comments:
Hi, submitter here. Comment in the meanwhile was not by me.
For what it's worth, in the work I was reading, the term was defined right after the mention:
(She is heartbroken and her friend is consoling her on the phone.)
「アイツのことは惚れた弱味だと思ってもう少し頑張れよ。[pause] あんまりぶったれてるとアイツに愛想つかされるってことだよ。アイツは女に不自由してないんだから。」
I assume ぶったれてる is supposed to be ぶーたれてる

So the author is saying it's specifically holding back due to fear of getting dumped.
I don't know what a "slave of love" is and can't find any definition online so I can't judge the accuracy of that.
5. A 2023-11-29 05:40:25  Jim Breen <...address hidden...>
  Comments:
I'm with Robin on this. It's a simple expression and this gloss captures it.
  Diff:
@@ -16 +15,0 @@
-<gloss>putting one's partner ahead of oneself (because of love)</gloss>
4. A* 2023-11-17 21:22:35 
  Refs:
https://happymail.co.jp/happylife/love/weakness-in-love/
https://smartlog.jp/148651#S45926518
  Comments:
i don't think so
  Diff:
@@ -15,0 +16 @@
+<gloss>putting one's partner ahead of oneself (because of love)</gloss>
3. A* 2023-11-17 21:07:39  Robin Scott <...address hidden...>
  Refs:
meikyo: 恋愛関係では、より強くほれているほうがより強く弱みをもつということ。
  Comments:
I think the second and third glosses are just examples of 惚れた弱み.
  Diff:
@@ -14,0 +15 @@
+<pos>&n;</pos>
@@ -16,2 +16,0 @@
-<gloss>putting one's partner ahead of oneself</gloss>
-<gloss>being always subservient to one's partner</gloss>
(show/hide 2 older log entries)

View entry in alternate formats: jel | edict | jmdict xml | jmnedict xml | jmdictdb xml
jmdict 2859266 Active (id: 2283531)
欠伸
けんしん
1. [n] [rare]
▶ yawning and stretching oneself



History:
3. A 2023-11-16 01:12:20  Jim Breen <...address hidden...>
2. A* 2023-11-16 00:59:05  Robin Scott <...address hidden...>
  Refs:
daijs: あくびをし、のびをすること。
koj: あくびと背のび。
  Comments:
I've just noticed that this isn't simply a synonym of あくび.
Not vs.
  Diff:
@@ -12,2 +11,0 @@
-<pos>&vs;</pos>
-<pos>&vi;</pos>
@@ -15,2 +13 @@
-<gloss>yawn</gloss>
-<gloss>yawning</gloss>
+<gloss>yawning and stretching oneself</gloss>
1. A 2023-11-16 00:50:36  Jim Breen <...address hidden...>
  Comments:
Split from 1254010.

View entry in alternate formats: jel | edict | jmdict xml | jmnedict xml | jmdictdb xml
jmdict 2859267 Active (id: 2283564)
横歩取り
よこふどり
1. [n] {shogi}
▶ side pawn capture (opening)



History:
3. A 2023-11-16 07:54:09  Jim Breen <...address hidden...>
2. A* 2023-11-16 03:30:42  Stephen Kraus <...address hidden...>
  Refs:
JA wiki says it's sometimes read -とり. Probably irregular.

〈横/よこ/ヨコ〉〈歩/ふ/フ〉〈取(り)/どり/とり/ドリ〉

Google N-gram Corpus Counts
╭─ーーーーー─┬────────┬───────╮
│ 横歩取り  │ 17,355 │ 98.7% │
│ ヨコ歩取り │     62 │  0.4% │
│ 横歩取   │     53 │  0.3% │
│ 横歩どり  │     49 │  0.3% │
│ 横歩とり  │     33 │  0.2% │
│ よこふどり │     36 │  0.2% │
│ よこふとり │      0 │  0.0% │
╰─ーーーーー─┴────────┴───────╯
  Diff:
@@ -13 +13 @@
-<gloss>Side Pawn Capture (opening)</gloss>
+<gloss>side pawn capture (opening)</gloss>
1. A* 2023-11-16 03:05:03  matsugase <...address hidden...>
  Refs:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Side_Pawn_Capture

View entry in alternate formats: jel | edict | jmdict xml | jmnedict xml | jmdictdb xml
jmdict 2859268 Active (id: 2283558)
切れ地裂地切地布地
きれじ
1. [n]
▶ fabric
▶ cloth
▶ material
Cross references:
  ⇒ see: 1591910 布地【ぬのじ】 1. fabric; cloth; material
2. [n]
▶ traditionally patterned textiles
3. [n] [rare]
▶ fabric scraps



History:
1. A 2023-11-16 06:45:50  Jim Breen <...address hidden...>
  Comments:
Odd that 切れ地 is the leading form in all the refs, but has low n-grams.

View entry in alternate formats: jel | edict | jmdict xml | jmnedict xml | jmdictdb xml
jmdict 2859269 Active (id: 2283677)
風餐露宿
ふうさんろしゅく
1. [n] [yoji]
▶ living in the harsh outdoors
▶ roughing it in the wilderness
▶ enduring a difficult journey



History:
3. A 2023-11-17 06:20:59  Jim Breen <...address hidden...>
  Comments:
Looks OK. Not common.
2. A* 2023-11-16 20:01:54  Stephen Kraus <...address hidden...>
  Refs:
daijr/s, koj, gakken yoji, smk yoji, jitenon yoji

"Literal" meaning is being exposed to windy (風) and wet (露) weather while living / camping outdoors.
Refs say it can be used figuratively to refer to a difficult journey (困難な旅のたとえ) or harsh outdoor work (野外での仕事の苦痛).
  Comments:
Improvements welcome, as always
  Diff:
@@ -12 +12,4 @@
-<gloss>to eat in the open air and sleep outdoors</gloss>
+<misc>&yoji;</misc>
+<gloss>living in the harsh outdoors</gloss>
+<gloss>roughing it in the wilderness</gloss>
+<gloss>enduring a difficult journey</gloss>
1. A* 2023-11-16 18:38:35 

View entry in alternate formats: jel | edict | jmdict xml | jmnedict xml | jmdictdb xml
jmdict 2859270 Active (id: 2283676)
立会い出産立ち会い出産立ち合い出産 [sK] 立会出産 [sK]
たちあいしゅっさん
1. [n]
▶ childbirth with the father of child present
▶ delivery with family members present



History:
3. A 2023-11-17 06:20:06  Jim Breen <...address hidden...>
2. A* 2023-11-16 21:37:53  Stephen Kraus <...address hidden...>
  Refs:
daijirin: 家族、特に夫が…

〈立(ち)/たち〉〈会(い)/合(い)/あい〉〈出産/しゅっさん〉

Google N-gram Corpus Counts
╭─ーーーーーーーーー─┬────────┬───────╮
│ 立会い出産     │ 19,634 │ 67.5% │
│ 立ち会い出産    │  7,753 │ 26.7% │ - (daijr, gg5)
│ 立ち合い出産    │    785 │  2.7% │ - add, sK
│ 立会出産      │    618 │  2.1% │ - sK
│ 立ちあい出産    │    115 │  0.4% │
│ 立合い出産     │    110 │  0.4% │
│ たちあい出産    │     30 │  0.1% │
│ 立合出産      │     26 │  0.1% │
│ たちあいしゅっさん │      0 │  0.0% │
╰─ーーーーーーーーー─┴────────┴───────╯
  Comments:
Daijirin says it can be more general.
Maybe we should have "family members" instead of "husband" in the second gloss.
  Diff:
@@ -10,0 +11,4 @@
+<keb>立ち合い出産</keb>
+<ke_inf>&sK;</ke_inf>
+</k_ele>
+<k_ele>
@@ -11,0 +16 @@
+<ke_inf>&sK;</ke_inf>
@@ -19 +24 @@
-<gloss>delivery with the husband present</gloss>
+<gloss>delivery with family members present</gloss>
1. A* 2023-11-16 21:24:51  Marcus Richert
  Refs:
立会い分娩	3207	9.8% alrewdy an entry
立ち会い分娩	1510	4.6%
立会分娩	150	0.5%
立会い出産	19634	59.7%
立ち会い出産	7753	23.6%
立会出産	618	1.9%

View entry in alternate formats: jel | edict | jmdict xml | jmnedict xml | jmdictdb xml
jmnedict 5337566 Active (id: 2283670)
鹿苑寺
ろくおんじ
1. [place]
▶ Rokuonji (formal name of Kinkakuji)



History:
2. A 2023-11-17 06:14:57  Jim Breen <...address hidden...>
1. A* 2023-11-16 18:33:03  Stephen Kraus <...address hidden...>
  Refs:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kinkaku-ji
  Kinkaku-ji (金閣寺, literally "Temple of the Golden Pavilion"), officially named Rokuon-ji (鹿苑寺, lit. 'Deer Garden Temple'), is a Zen Buddhist temple in Kyoto, Japan.
  Diff:
@@ -11,2 +11,2 @@
-<misc>&unclass;</misc>
-<gloss>Rokuonji</gloss>
+<misc>&place;</misc>
+<gloss>Rokuonji (formal name of Kinkakuji)</gloss>

View entry in alternate formats: jel | edict | jmdict xml | jmnedict xml | jmdictdb xml
jmnedict 5436522 Active (id: 2283669)
正倉院
しょうそういん
1. [place]
▶ Shōsōin (treasure house of Tōdai Temple in Nara)



History:
3. A 2023-11-17 06:14:02  Jim Breen <...address hidden...>
2. A* 2023-11-16 23:24:49  Stephen Kraus <...address hidden...>
  Refs:
https://www.britannica.com/topic/Todai-Temple
  Comments:
On second thought, "-ji Temple" sounds redundant. Britannica agrees and calls it "Tōdai Temple."
  Diff:
@@ -12 +12 @@
-<gloss>Shōsōin (treasure house of Tōdaiji Temple in Nara)</gloss>
+<gloss>Shōsōin (treasure house of Tōdai Temple in Nara)</gloss>
1. A* 2023-11-16 18:09:16  Stephen Kraus <...address hidden...>
  Refs:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shōsōin
  "The Shōsō-in (正倉院) is the treasure house of Tōdai-ji Temple in Nara, Japan."
  Diff:
@@ -12 +12 @@
-<gloss>Shousouin</gloss>
+<gloss>Shōsōin (treasure house of Tōdaiji Temple in Nara)</gloss>

View entry in alternate formats: jel | edict | jmdict xml | jmnedict xml | jmdictdb xml
jmnedict 5746558 Active (id: 2283547)
吉牛
よしぎゅう [spec1]
1. [product]
▶ gyudon from the Yoshinoya chain restaurant



History:
3. A 2023-11-16 03:22:32  Jim Breen <...address hidden...>
  Comments:
I'm moving this to the names dictionary.
  Diff:
@@ -1,3 +1,2 @@
-<ent_corp type="jmdict">jmdict</ent_corp>
-<ent_seq>2117630</ent_seq>
+<ent_corp type="jmnedict">jmnedict</ent_corp>
@@ -8,0 +8 @@
+<re_pri>spec1</re_pri>
@@ -11,6 +11,2 @@
-<pos>&n;</pos>
-<xref type="see" seq="1845250">牛丼</xref>
-<field>&food;</field>
-<misc>&abbr;</misc>
-<misc>&sl;</misc>
-<gloss>gyudon (beef on rice) from the chain restaurant Yoshinoya</gloss>
+<misc>&product;</misc>
+<gloss>gyudon from the Yoshinoya chain restaurant</gloss>
2. A* 2023-11-14 00:41:20  Marcus Richert <...address hidden...>
  Comments:
dunno if needed
  Diff:
@@ -11,0 +12,2 @@
+<xref type="see" seq="1845250">牛丼</xref>
+<field>&food;</field>
@@ -14 +16 @@
-<gloss>Yoshinoya gyudon (beef on rice)</gloss>
+<gloss>gyudon (beef on rice) from the chain restaurant Yoshinoya</gloss>
1. A 2006-12-21 00:00:00 
  Comments:
Entry created

View entry in alternate formats: jel | edict | jmdict xml | jmnedict xml | jmdictdb xml
jmnedict 5746559 Active (id: 2283608)
阿部光瑠
あべこうる
1. [person]
▶ Kōru Abe (1994.10.25-; professional shogi player)



History:
2. A 2023-11-16 15:51:00  Stephen Kraus <...address hidden...>
  Comments:
I think we've been trying to use western name order in new name entries.
  Diff:
@@ -12 +12 @@
-<gloss>Abe Kōru (1994.10.25-; professional shogi player)</gloss>
+<gloss>Kōru Abe (1994.10.25-; professional shogi player)</gloss>
1. A* 2023-11-16 13:35:26  matsugase <...address hidden...>
  Refs:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kōru_Abe

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jmnedict 5746560 Active (id: 2283612)
光瑠
こうる
1. [given]
▶ Kōru



History:
2. A 2023-11-16 15:58:25  Stephen Kraus <...address hidden...>
1. A* 2023-11-16 13:36:23  matsugase <...address hidden...>
  Refs:
https://ja.wikipedia.org/wiki/阿部光瑠

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jmnedict 5746561 Active (id: 2283611)
廣紀
ひろき
1. [given]
▶ Hiroki



History:
2. A 2023-11-16 15:57:15  Stephen Kraus <...address hidden...>
  Comments:
Could possibly be merged with 広紀【ひろき】.

But we don't have others like 広記・廣記 merged. Maybe we can write a program to do that someday.
1. A* 2023-11-16 13:40:17  matsugase <...address hidden...>
  Refs:
https://ja.wikipedia.org/wiki/谷合廣紀

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jmnedict 5746562 Active (id: 2283610)
和陽
かずお
1. [given]
▶ Kazuo



History:
2. A 2023-11-16 15:53:15  Stephen Kraus <...address hidden...>
1. A* 2023-11-16 13:41:33  matsugase <...address hidden...>
  Refs:
https://ja.wikipedia.org/wiki/杉本和陽

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jmnedict 5746563 Active (id: 2283609)
貴洸
たかひろ
1. [given]
▶ Takahiro



History:
2. A 2023-11-16 15:52:44  Stephen Kraus <...address hidden...>
1. A* 2023-11-16 13:44:08  matsugase <...address hidden...>
  Refs:
https://ja.wikipedia.org/wiki/大橋貴洸

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test 49 Active (id: 2283583)

テスト
1. [n]
▶ [lit] test



History:
9. A 2023-11-16 09:38:53  Joe Blow <...address hidden...>
  Comments:
Another test.
8. A 2023-09-16 07:05:52  Jim Breen <...address hidden...>
  Diff:
@@ -9 +9 @@
-<gloss>test</gloss>
+<gloss g_type="lit">test</gloss>
7. A 2022-12-06 04:38:45  Jim Breen <...address hidden...>
  Comments:
Tick
6. A* 2022-10-29 22:24:24  Stuart McGraw
  Comments:
check for jmdictdb log entry
5. A 2021-12-20 22:21:13  Jim Breen <...address hidden...>
  Comments:
Tick
(show/hide 4 older log entries)

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